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Advanced machinery Troubleshooting

Advanced machinery Troubleshooting

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Published by: Mohd Asiren Mohd Sharif on May 30, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/24/2013

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DoctorKnow
 ® 
Application Paper
 
Title:
 
Advanced Troubleshooting
 
Source/Author:
 
Tony Dematteo
 
Product:
 
RBMware
 
Technology:
 
AMS Machinery Manager
 
Classification:
 
Section One 
 
Phase Objective 
 
 
Review the concepts of Phase
 
Phase Review 
 
Phase can be defined in two ways. First,
phase 
 
is that part of a cycle (0
o
to 360
o
) through which a particular part of a machine travels relative toa fixed reference point. Second, phase refers to the location in degreesthat marks a machine's high vibration peak and its frequency relative toa fixed reference mark on a rotating component of the machine. Thissecond type of phase is also known as
synchronous phase 
.
 
 
 
Phase varies with the monitored frequency. For machinery diagnosticwork, synchronous phase refers to 1xTS or any harmonic of turningspeed. CSI measures phase counter to the rotation of the shaft
Specific Fault Types 
 
In the following examples, the use of phase to analyze faults isexplained.
Unbalance 
 
 
 
Use Phase to confirm unbalance. Static Unbalance shows a zero degreephase shift across the rotor radial to radial orhorizontal to horizontal anda 90
o
(within 20
o
) phase shift from vertical to horizontal at the samebearing location. Dynamic unbalance shows a phase shift across therotor radial to radial or horizontal to horizontal that is related to the heavyspots on each end of the rotor. If the heavy spots are 180
o
out of phaseon each end, then the phase measurements will also be 180
o
out ofphase.
Reactionary Forces 
 
Use phase to find problems that look like unbalance but are really caused bysomething else. In the following example, the predominant frequency is turningspeed of the large pulley. Comparative horizontal to vertical phase readingsindicates a zero or 180
o
phase shift from horizontal to vertical. It looks like unbalancebut it' s really an eccentric sheave -- a well balanced, eccentric sheave. An orbit ofthis data would indicate an elliptical shape in line with the drive belt.

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