The lines are actually the center frequencies of what are often called "bins of energy". Each bin actually containsan infinite number of frequencies, and all of the energy in the bin is summed and represented by a singleamplitude at the center frequency identified at each line of resolution.First, identify your frequencies of interest so that enough resolution is chosen to separate closely spacedfrequencies. Also, be aware that more lines of resolution affects the length of the time waveform. Increasedresolution can also decrease the actual amplitude of the vibration amplitudes due to the separation of energy intomore energy bins.
Time Record Length
Calculate the time record length of the time waveform, Tmax, from the following basic relationship.
At face value this is a simple and often used equation. However, to understand the limitations of some analyzers, itis important to more fully investigate the relationship between the Fmax
the LOR, and the Tmax.
sample size/sample rate
Sample size = 2.56 * Lines of Resolution
Sample rate = 2.56 * Fmax
These terms have already been defined, but be aware that some analyzers have an upper limit on the samplesize. Usually this number will be 1024 or 2048. Therefore, a 400 line spectrum would require 2.56*400 = 1024samples and an 800 line spectrum would require 2.56* 800 = 2048 samples. However, if the analyzer is limited to1024 samples, then the 800 line spectrum will be created from 1024 samples since it is the upper limit of theanalyzer. This is important when discussing the Tmax in the time waveform, because, in general, raising the Fmaxdecreases Tmax and raising LOR increases Tmax until the point that the multiple of 2.56 * LOR reaches thesample limit in the analyzer. In this case, the sample size for anything greater than 400 lines is forced to be 1024.The table below demonstrates how this limitation affects the Tmax for a maximum 1024 sample size analyzer.
Tmax = sample size/sample rate
Fmax *2.56 =sample rate LOR*2.56 = sample size Tmax
400 1024 100 256 0.25400 1024 200 512 0.50400 1024 400 1024 1.00