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05/30/2010

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An Abel Price Winner
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In may 2010 John Torrence Tate from Texas , 85 years old, was given thenorwegian
Abelprice
for remarkable matematic contributions to higheraritmetics through his long career, with special importance to primenumbers. These are no less than the foundation on which ordinarycounting numbers are built.As it turns out, each positive integer larger than 1 is either itself prime, oris composed of a unique set of prime factors, called the fundamentaltheorem of arithmetic.
A short history of prime numbers
The ancient Gree ks proved (ca. 300 BC) there was infinetly many primesand that they were irregulary spaced , and it could be arbitralily largegaps between succesive primes.Euclid’s
Elements
brought the algoritm theorem, and proved that there isan infinit number of prime numbers.Living in the 1600 century, Pierre de Fermat‘s works has later beenconcideres to be the most significant mathematic contribution ever given.His so called “Fermat’s last theorem” was definitely solved as late as in1994 (by the mathematican Andrew Wiles)In 1984 Samuel Yates defined a titanic reward to any prime number withat least 1000 digits.Since the dawn of electronic computors, the largest known prime numberhas almost always been a so called Mersenne prime. The largets knownprime was in aug.2008 calculated to be 12,978,189 numbers.
From where came the prime numbers?
Perhaps a ridicuolous question, but there must be some comprehensibleexplanation. As human beeings, we meet our first, small numbers aschildren, and we easely learn to use our fingers to indicate small numbers.A quick way for illustrating numbers, still used today, is to write/tracedown vertical streaks (for instance four) and then put one horisontalstreak over these, and hocus-pocus, there stands number five.Any how, we must obviously use our brain to comprehend larger numbers.Thinking in numbers is likely a question of both memory and capability to “see” numbers for our inner sight, especially during a mental calculation.There is surely a question of inherited intelligent genes, making it possiblefor our brain to handle with abstract problems, such as arithmetics,algoritms and differential mathematics.
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We have all heard of mathematic geniuses, making large multiplicationsby mental calculations in few seconds. They can’t explain how they do it,it just occurs. Any how, such happenings will neither bring us closer up tounderstand prime numbers origin, nor our ability to solve abstract,mathematical problems.
Darwin’s evolution theory
Our brain is built up by matter of organic kind, and radiations over thespectrum from highest to lowest frequencies penetrate our braincontiniously. Some of them will probably cause mutations, changing someof our DNA –structures. Darwins evolution theory does not explain theway numbers came into the human brain. If the Neanderthalsdescendants gradually invented numbers and made positive experience, inwhat way should this improve their health and living standard fromseveral hundred thousand years up to now ? If their evolution reallyfollowed Darvins law, how could they discover the unique primarynumbers and their mysterious laws, to day challenging mathematicans,such as John Torrenc Tate.
The Big Bang
Scientists mostly agree that the starting event in the Universe was the BigBang. All matter forming this new world had to pass through a so calledsingularity, with a size small as a pinpoint Enormous release of radiationand light was the first in this coming world. Our known physical laws cannot be incorporated in such an incomprehensible happening.Where did all this matter come from, extruded through the singularity ?Did it come from another dimension, or was it a transfer from an almostinfinite space of energy by a reaction due to Einsteins formula E= m x C
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.And what released the Big Bang ? Of course we dont know.Neither we know if prime numbers could follow the way through thesingularity, but this seems to be very unlikely.
A place for saving prime numbers
The human brain contain enormous amounts of DNA- molecyles, withoverwhelming storage capacity. If all features of all species that have
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