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Published by: rsrao70 on May 30, 2010
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Unit - IIntroduction of Industrial Relation ManagementIntroductionObjectives
Object of this lesson is to initiate in to industrial Relations ManagementIn this wea)
define what is industryb)
What is disputec)
And discuss certain key definitions
Causes of Industrial Dispute1.3
Suggestion for Improvements1.4
Industrial Relation Meanings, Discord, Conflict1.5
Definition of Related terms in 1.R1.6
Related Questions1.7
Key Answers / Suggestions.
In simple terms Industrial Relations deals with the worker employee relation inany industry Government has attempted to make Industrial Relations morehealth the by enacting Industrial Disputes Act 1947. to solve the dispute and toreduce the retency of dispute. This in turn improves the relations.
What is Industry? Where we want to have better relations. ―Industry means any
systematic activity carried on by co operation between an employer and hisemployee whether such workmen are employed by such employer directly or byor through any agency including a contractor for the production supply ordistribution of goods or sources with a overview to satisfy human want or
wishes (not being wants or wishes which are merely spritual or religious innature) whether or not (i) any capital has been invested for the purpose of carrying on such activity or (ii) such activity is carried on with a motive to makeany gain or profit and includes any activity relating to the promotion of sales orbusiness or both carried on by an establishment but does not include.i)
Normal Agriculture operationsii)
Hospital, Dispensaries.iii)
Educational, Scientific Research Training Institution,iv)
Charitable Philanthropic Servicev)
Khadi Village Industriesvi)
Domestic Services etc.]It is an activity systematuatly or habitually undertaken a) for the productionor distribution of goods, or for rendering material service to community atlarge, or part of such community with the help of employees in anundertaking2. Such activity generally includes the co-operation of employer andemployees3. The object is the satisfaction of material human needs4. It must he arranged or organized in a manner in which trade or business isgenerally arranged or organisedIt must not be casual nor must it be for ourself not for pleasure.Thus the very industry revolves around good industrial relations.Industrial RelationsIt is seen as a co operation between employer and employee, it is done withdiscipline (ii) done in organized manner and not casual and it gives
satisfaction ‗of needs‘.
 Industrial Dispute : As per section 2 (K) of industrial dispute or differencebetween employers and employees employers and employers or employees
and employees which is connected with the employment or non employmentor the terms of employment or with the condition of labour of any person.1)
There must be a dispute or difference the dispute or difference must bebetween employers and employees employee and employees, employersand employers.2)
The dispute must be connected with employment or non employment orterms of employment or with the conditions of labour of any person.The dispute which has resulted in strained relations is a controversy in whichthe workman is directly or substantially interested. It must also be agrievance felt by the workman which the employer is in a position toremedy. The existence of a grievance is necessary and it must becommunicated to the employer.The term industrial dispute connotes a real and substancial difference havingsome elements of persistency and continuity, till resolved and likely, if not,adjusted to endanger the industrial peace of the undertaking or the community.When the parties are at variance and the dispute or difference is connected withthe employment or non employment or terms of employment or with thecondition of labour. There comes in to existence an industrial dispute1.3General causes of industrial disputes strains which results in bad industrialrelations are.1.
Close mindedness of employers and employees one thinking toextract maximum work with minimum remuneration, otherthinking to avoid work and get more enhancement in pay andwages.2.
Irrational wage, wage system and structure not mutuallyacceptable

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