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Published by: rsrao70 on May 30, 2010
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UNIT
 – 
ILESSON NO. 1: INDUSTRIAL MARKETING SYSTEM: CONCEPTAND CHARACTERISTICSSTRUCTURE
1.1
 
Introduction1.2
 
The Concept of Industrial Marketing1.3
 
Definition of Industrial Marketing1.4
 
Characteristics: Industrial and Consumer Marketing1.5
 
Demand in Industrial Market1.6
 
Summary1.7
 
Questions for Discussion
OBJECTIVES
The motive of the lesson is to: understand the concept, meaning and importanceof industrial marketing; know the differences between industrial marketing andconsumer marketing; and learn the concept of demand for industrial goods andservices in the market.
1.1 INTRODUCTION
The fundamentals of consumer marketing are equally applicable to the industrialmarketing. The work of the industrial market is exclusively different, as all theforces of market that affect industrial demand. The managers of industrialmarket must react in a different way to change the markets, develop products tomeet these changes, and market them in exclusively different ways to the targetand sophisticate customers while maintaining corporate policies. Therefore,industrial marketers face many distinctive marketing situations not normallyencountered in the consumer market. Further, the industrial market has been the
 
backbone of the high standard of living enjoyed by consumers in past or sincethe industrial revolution at global level. It is dynamic and challenging in any
nation‘s economic growth and development. As and when the principles,
knowledge, and practice of marketing cut across all industries, to marketeffectively in the industrial market than it becomes compulsory for the policymakers to study the industrial marketing differently and to understand the indus-trial marketing problems.
1.2 THE CONCEPT OF INDUSTRIAL MARKETING
The marketing concept for the business enterprises of industrial buyer is to
define the needs of a target market and modify the organization‘s product or 
service to satisfy those needs more successfully than its competitors. Themarketing concept is applicable and important in both the industrial andconsumer markets due to the differences in terms of the nature of markets. It isevident that consumer marketers have embraced the marketing concept morefully than their industrial counterparts because Industrial customers likeorganizations-businesses, institutions, and government agencies having uniqueneeds. The industrial marketing concept involves more than facilitatingexchange with these customers because it is based upon the structure of apartnership between buyer and seller for the purpose of achieving theorganizational goals of both.Generally, industrial organisations tend to be technically oriented-much moreinterested in a particular product and its technical development. Many managersin such firms are promoted out of engineering and research and developmentdepartments. Sometimes technical values tend to dominate their decision-
making. When it happens, there is a risk of ―becoming so charmed with a
technical accomplishment or particular product parameters that the necessaryflexibility for responding to customer needs in a competitive market placedisappears. It is more serious in industrial marketing due to the complexity of 
 
the problems customers are attempting to solve. For marketing effectiveness, theproduct should always be regarded as a variable and should be viewed from theperspective of the customer. Customer benefits and need satisfaction, rather thanthe physical product, should be the center of attention. Further, customersatisfaction should be dominant in all corporate decision making; so, it cannotbe the exclusive domain of the marketing department. Providing customersatisfaction must involve all decision makers and will affect product design,demand analysis, manufacturing techniques, resource utilization, and long-rangeprofits of the business-organisations.Moreover, the understanding of the concept of industrial marketing iscompulsory for industrial marketing manger: to provide proper guidance andstimulation for research and development of new products; to exploit anddevelop markets for new products; to define the methods for promoting productsto customers considering the major increase in the cost of media advertising andpersonal selling; to innovate in distribution and other areas to keep up withchanging requirements of industrial customers doing business on a multinationalbasis; to meet stiff competition through modernised business; to refine andmodify product positioning; and to approach problems in the modern ways.
1.3 DEFINITION OF INDUSTRIAL MARKETING
The word Industrial Marketing is also treated as Business-to-BusinessMarketing, or Business Marketing, or Organizational Marketing. Industrialmarketing/business marketing is to market the products and services to businessorganizations: manufacturing companies, government undertakings, privatesector organisations, educational institutions, hospitals, distributors, and dealers.The business organizations, buy products and services to satisfy many objectiveslike production of goods and services, making profits, reducing costs, and, soon.In contrary, marketing of products and services to individuals, families, and

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