Telescopes help us see things that are too faraway to be seen with our eyes alone. They also giveus a closer view of distant objects. A commontelescope looks like a long tube, with one end smallerthan the other. You put the small end up to one eyeand look through the tube. The things you see look closer than they really are.
Two of Galileo’s first
telescopesthe Institute and Museum of the Historyof Science, Florence.
History of Telescopes:
1608--In the Netherlands, Hans Lippershey discovers that holding twolenses up some distance apart bring objects closer. He applies for a patenton his invention. This is the first documented creation of a telescope. Theidea is independently developed by Jacub Metius and Sacharias Janssen.The patent to Lippershey is denied.
1609--Thomas Harriot (1560
1621) English astronomer, mathematician,ethnographer, and translator becomes the first person to make a drawing of the Moon through a telescope, on July 26, 1609, over four months beforeGalileo.
1609--Galileo,after simply hearing that the device was invented, buildsseveral telescopes of his own and turns them toward the heavens. He daredto publish his findings and was nearly burned at the stake for it. There areother earlier recorded astronomical uses including viewing stars withLippershey's own first telescope during its demonstration and ThomasHarriot's views of the moon not long after.
1611--The term "telescope" is coined by Prince Frederick Sesi at areception where Galileo is demonstrating his instruments.