APPLICATION OF DISPERSE DYES:Dyeing Polyester with Disperse Dyes
Polyester requires the use of disperse dyes. Other types of dyes leave thecolor of polyester almost entirely unchanged. While novices happily chargeinto dyeing with acid dyes (for wool or nylon) and fiber reactive dyes (for cotton and rayon), often with excellent results, the immersion dyeing of polyester is a different story.However, disperse dye can be used by even young children to make designson paper, which can then be transferred to polyester fabric, or other synthetics, with a hot iron. The possibilities are endless, using fabriccrayons, rubber stamps, painting, and even screen printing.
Stamp Pad Ink
Disperse dye can be applied to paper with rubber stamps, and then ironed onto polyester, just like the crayons. You can use special, large-scale fabricstamps to apply other dyes to fabric, but only disperse dyes allow such finelines that almost any rubber stamp designed for use on paper will work, if your fabric is smooth enough. Look for a product called"Heat Set Ink"atcompanies that sell rubber stamping supplies. Caroline Dahl's wonderful book
gives source information for this material, inaddition to many project ideas and beautiful inspiring photographs of worksmade with disperse dye on polyester.
PROPERTIES OF DISPERSE DYE:
Fastness to light is generally quite good, while fastness to washing is highlydependent on the fibre. In particular, in polyamides and acrylics they areused mostly for pastel shades because in dark shades they have limitedbuild-up properties and poor wash fastness.