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smd man

smd man

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Published by Rizwan Tanveer

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Published by: Rizwan Tanveer on Jun 04, 2008
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01/15/2015

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INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY
INSTRUMENTATION UNIT
SMD
(SURFACE MOUNTED DEVICES) REPAIR
1
SMD
(SURFACE MOUNTED DEVICES)REPAIR
S. WIERZBINSKI
FEBRUARY 1999
 
INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY
INSTRUMENTATION UNIT
SMD
(SURFACE MOUNTED DEVICES) REPAIR
2
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE1. INTRODUCTION32. SMD ADVANTAGES43. SMD LIMITATIONS44. SMD DIALECT55. SMD
 
SIZES AND DIMENSIONS65.1. SMD RESISTORS65.1.1. CONSTRUCTION OF THE SMD RESISTORS75.1.2. MARKING OF THE SMD RESISTORS75.2. SMD TRIMMPOTS95.3. SMD CERAMIC MULTILAYER CHIPCAPACITORS105.4. SMD TANTALIUM CAPACITORS115.4. SMD DIODES AND TRANSISTORS135.5. SMD INTEGRATED CIRCUITS145.5.1. DIMENSIONS OF SO - , VSO - , PLCC - ANDQFB - CASES16
 
INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY
INSTRUMENTATION UNIT
SMD
(SURFACE MOUNTED DEVICES) REPAIR
3
1. INTRODUCTION
At earlier eighties began a trend to replace a traditional through - hole technique with thesurface mounted technology (SMT) using surface mounted devices (SMD). The SMT, al-though intended in principle for automatic manufacturing only expand more and more, eveninto a hobby world. This trend will continue, because many new components are available inSMD versions only. The SMT technique opens advantages and new applications throughminiaturising of the components and increasing of reliability. The industry standard unfortu-nately allows that most of the SMD components does not have a clear description. Since atiny size of the components they are labelled with a code. Therefore a sure identification ofthe components is impossible without appropriate technical documentation. Moreover thepolarity and pin - outs of different components could be not identified without data sheets.Since all of this factors is SMD for beginners a very hard job.This brochure brings a help and clearance for a newcomer and moreover should help aservice technician to start a repair of the instruments made with the SMD components. Itpresents most of the SMD components available at the 1998 end with pin-outs and encodingcomparison tables: SMD / classic and classic / SMD. The SMD does not present a “newtechnique”, it is only a miniaturisation of the components. But this components requires adifferent processing technology.Surface mounted devices (SMD) are active and passive electronics components withoutconventional connecting wires.In the conventional through - hole technology (THT) the components are placed on the“components side” of the printed circuit board (PCB), wires inserted into holes, and solderedto the copper pads on the opposite, “solder side” of the PCB.The SMD components will be placed on the “solder side” of the PCB and their metal capssoldered to the copper pads of the PCB. Therefore both layers of the PCB could be used asactive areas. A thickness of PCBs used for SMD is between 0.8 and 1.00 mm. Historicallyroots of SMD are hybrid circuits on the ceramic substrates (middle of seventies) but a hugeindustrial applications of SMD started on a begin eighties.Miniaturisation of the SMD does not stop. Distance between connection pins is reduced to0.5 mm (past standard 1.27 mm). The winning standard for capacitors and resistors is
0402
(1.0 x 0.5 mm). The
0402
standard requires ten times less area then standard
1208
and fivetimes less then standard
0805
.

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