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Patrol Tips IV German

Patrol Tips IV German

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Published by bawb-2

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Published by: bawb-2 on May 31, 2010
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The standard German infantry squad manual in 1942 was sadly lacking in direction for  patrolling by regular infantry.
Close-in reconnaissance is carried out by infantry patrols in addition to cavalry andcyclist parties and armored scout cars. The number and the strength of the patrols sentagainst the enemy, also their equipment and arms (light machine guns), depend upon thesituation and the mission.The reconnoitering patrol must move cautiously and quietly. It should halt frequently inorder to observe and listen. Cunning and cleverness, a quick eye and resolute action, alove of adventure, and boldness are the prerequisites for the successful execution of everyreconnaissance mission. The reconnoitering patrol should get as close to the enemy as possible without being seen in order that the patrol may obtain information on his
 position. The men of the patrol must become acquainted with the terrain so that on their return they may give information about it and, if necessary, serve later as guides.At night-and often during the day, too-observation and listening posts are usually sent outin front of the line of sentinel posts to suitable point (for example, exits from villages, bridges, etc.) in order to provide increased security and information. They remain in position until relieved.In crossing a sentry line, the visiting patrols must inform the nearest post of their missionand, when they return, of their observations. The same is true of reconnaissance patrolsthat are met.Reconnaissance and visiting patrols within the line of outposts observe, chiefly at nightand on broken terrain, intervening areas not occupied by posts. The patrols also serve for liaison. As a rule, they consist of two men (including the leader) and are sent out by theoutguards.
Ski/Mountain Troops
The Gebirgsjaeger, or German mountain troops, were essentially light infantry and moreof an elite unit. They were specially selected, specially trained and equipped, and operated in a much more aggressive manner. Their manual when it came to patrolling was quite extensive. Keeping in line with the theme of light infantry operating on their own with little or no support, that was often what mountain troops were. In the mountains, especially the Russian Caucuses, supply lines could be tenuous as best. Many issues regular infantry or  panzer grenadiers could settle with an artillery barrage or a Stuka strike, theGebirgsjaeger often had no choice but to settle with small arms and perhaps a mortar.With logistics being so manpower intensive and complicated the mountain troops had tomake sure every shot counted, and were trained to be superior marksmen, and wereoutfitted with more telescopic-sighted and more automatic rifles than ordinary infantry.
Squad and Platoon on Security Patrols
Ski troops frequently fight alone, independent of larger units. Such tactics require specialsecurity measures and increased watchfulness on the part of all troop employed assecurity patrols. At night and with poor visibility, in terrain which is difficult to observeand is near the enemy, all normal security measures must be increased. As a matter of  principle, at least two men should always be assigned to patrol and sentry duty. Theleader charged with maintaining security will decide whether sentries and patrols shallmove on skis or on foot. Sentries at fixed posts must be camouflaged day and night.Long hours of guard duty in any weather, particularly after strenuous marches, are part of the training of every ski unit and must also be required of all members of supplycolumns. Constantsupervision and care of sentries and patrols is one of the most important tasks of thesquad or platoon leader assigned to security duty.To provide immediate security for quarters located near the enemy, a circular ski track may be made. This is established, depending on the situation and the terrain, at a radiusof about 1,000 or 1,500 meters (1,094 to 1,640 yards) around the position, in a manner  permitting observation of enemy terrain. The track, however, should be concealed asmuch as possible. (See fig. 25.)

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