position. The men of the patrol must become acquainted with the terrain so that on their return they may give information about it and, if necessary, serve later as guides.At night-and often during the day, too-observation and listening posts are usually sent outin front of the line of sentinel posts to suitable point (for example, exits from villages, bridges, etc.) in order to provide increased security and information. They remain in position until relieved.In crossing a sentry line, the visiting patrols must inform the nearest post of their missionand, when they return, of their observations. The same is true of reconnaissance patrolsthat are met.Reconnaissance and visiting patrols within the line of outposts observe, chiefly at nightand on broken terrain, intervening areas not occupied by posts. The patrols also serve for liaison. As a rule, they consist of two men (including the leader) and are sent out by theoutguards.
The Gebirgsjaeger, or German mountain troops, were essentially light infantry and moreof an elite unit. They were specially selected, specially trained and equipped, and operated in a much more aggressive manner. Their manual when it came to patrolling was quite extensive. Keeping in line with the theme of light infantry operating on their own with little or no support, that was often what mountain troops were. In the mountains, especially the Russian Caucuses, supply lines could be tenuous as best. Many issues regular infantry or panzer grenadiers could settle with an artillery barrage or a Stuka strike, theGebirgsjaeger often had no choice but to settle with small arms and perhaps a mortar.With logistics being so manpower intensive and complicated the mountain troops had tomake sure every shot counted, and were trained to be superior marksmen, and wereoutfitted with more telescopic-sighted and more automatic rifles than ordinary infantry.