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Planning Guidance for Response to a Nuclear Detonation - Final

Planning Guidance for Response to a Nuclear Detonation - Final

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08/25/2012

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 This guidance was developed by a Federal interagency committee with representation fromthe Executive Office of the President (Homeland Security Council and Office of Science andTechnology Policy), the Departments of Defense, Energy, Health and Human Services,Homeland Security, Transportation, Veteran’s Affairs, the Environmental Protection Agency,the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the Nuclear RegulatoryCommission.Please refer comments and questions to the Office of Science and Technology Policy,Executive Office of the President (www.ostp.gov).
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ACRONYM LIST.............................................................................................................1
 
DEFINITIONS.................................................................................................................3
 
UNITS.............................................................................................................................5
 
R
EFERENCES FOR
U
NITS
......................................................................................................5
 
STRUCTURE OF THIS DOCUMENT.............................................................................6
 
INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................7
 
R
EFERENCES FOR
I
NTRODUCTION
.......................................................................................10
 
CHAPTER 1 - NUCLEAR DETONATION EFFECTS AND IMPACTS IN AN URBANENVIRONMENT...........................................................................................................12
 
O
VERVIEW
..........................................................................................................................12
 
B
LAST
................................................................................................................................13
 
B
LAST
I
NJURIES
..................................................................................................................18
 
T
HERMAL
R
ADIATION
(
OR
H
EAT
)..........................................................................................19
 
T
HERMAL
I
NJURIES
.............................................................................................................20
 
R
ADIATION AND
F
ALLOUT
....................................................................................................22
 
R
ADIATION
I
NJURIES AND
F
ALLOUT
H
EALTH
I
MPACTS
...........................................................26
 
C
OMBINED
I
NJURIES
...........................................................................................................28
 
EMP..................................................................................................................................28
 
R
EFERENCES
......................................................................................................................29
 
CHAPTER 2 - A ZONED APPROACH TO NUCLEAR DETONATION RESPONSE...30
 
O
VERVIEW
..........................................................................................................................31
 
Z
ONED
A
PPROACH TO
R
ESPONSE
.......................................................................................31
 
R
ESPONSE
F
UNCTIONS AND
P
RIORITIES
..............................................................................32
 
R
ESPONSE
W
ORKER
S
AFETY
..............................................................................................39
 
R
EFERENCES
......................................................................................................................45
 
CHAPTER 3 - SHELTER / EVACUATION RECOMMENDATIONS.............................47
 
O
VERVIEW
..........................................................................................................................47
 
P
ROTECTIVE
A
CTIONS
.........................................................................................................49
 
P
LANNING
C
ONSIDERATIONS
...............................................................................................55
 
E
VACUATION
B
IBLIOGRAPHY
...............................................................................................58
 
R
EFERENCES
......................................................................................................................59
 
CHAPTER 4 – EARLY MEDICAL CARE.....................................................................61
 
O
VERVIEW
..........................................................................................................................61
 
I
NITIAL
M
ASS
C
ASUALTY
T
RIAGE
(
I
.
E
.,
 
S
ORTING
)..................................................................67
 
E
MERGENCY
C
ARE
.............................................................................................................74
 
F
ATALITY
M
ANAGEMENT
......................................................................................................77
 
A
DDITIONAL
R
ESOURCES
....................................................................................................78
 
R
EFERENCES
......................................................................................................................79
 
CHAPTER 5 – POPULATION MONITORING AND DECONTAMINATION.................81
 
O
VERVIEW
..........................................................................................................................82
 

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