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Review of Head - Neck

Review of Head - Neck

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Published by rohanshah1

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Published by: rohanshah1 on Jun 01, 2010
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01/25/2013

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--
Review
of
Head/N
eck 
Olfactory
Can't
smellribiformplateSmell
(Sensory)
No
reaction to light (both
pticOptic
canal
....
Visionpupilssamesize)
Sensory)
E
ye
movement
Contralateralreaction(oneLevator palpebraeSuperior orbitalfissue
cculomotor
pupil
is
big,
one
is
small)uperioris
(Moto~
or
drooping lid
v
SphincterpupillaeCiliary MMTrochlear
Double
vision
when
V
Superior orbitalfissueSuperiorOblique
(S04)
looking
down
(Moto~
M
of
mastication
• Mylohyoid
VI
=no
corneal reflex
-'
I
=superiororbital fissureTrigeminal
(Vi,
V2, V3)
• Ant.
digastric
belly
V2=no sneezereflex2
=rotundum
(Both)
Tensor
veli
palatini
'V3=ovaleV3
=no
jaw jerk reflex
"
Tensor
tympani
t(
Q
\I
v
(face sensation)AbducensMedia1 deviation
of
eye'Superior orbitalfissure
,
Lateral rectus(LR6)(unabletoaBduct)
./
Motor)
M
of
facialexpressionBells Palsy
-
Post
.digastric bellyFacial
Dry
mouth
Internalacousticmeatus
Stylohyoid,
stapedius
(Both)
Dry
eyeLacrimal! salivaryglands
No
taste
on
ant
2/3-
Taste
at
ant
2/3
VertigoVestibulocochlearInternal acoustic meatus Deafness Equilibrium
+
hearing
(Sensory)
Tinnitus
• Stylopharyngeus
Glossopharyngeal• ParotidglandJugular foramen
No
gagreflex
'.....--'
(Both)
• Pharynx
+
middle ear• Taste
atpost
1/3M
of
pharynx, larynx
+
Dysphagia(difficultypalateVagusswallowing)
1/
Jugular foramen
s.
of
pharynx, larynx
(Both)
Uvula deviatesawayfrom• taste
of
epiglottis, uvulalesion
'
'/
palatoglossus
m
Accessory.
..
SCM
+
trapeziusJugular foramen
Can't
shrug
orturn
head
'\......-/
(Moto!)
Hypoglossal
Tongue
MMHypoglossalcanalDeviate toward lesion\
(Moto!)
Except
palatoglossus
,
C'
<;>.0
.-
8
p
1n
05Urv--
~
Middle
geM,.L"jeaJ
=Artery.
0
<1
S
3'"'
,-G
~
cU-
U
W\
-,-
~ 1 - e . r
n.
cJ..
ca
roh
d-
:r
.....
*
J ~ ~ 4 1 , ( ) ,
'"
(--1
I
,1.
@i
V\e.dcUJct.
\
\feric..brcJ
A.
FO(C<r()~
$lncJ
rook:
0{2
-=-XI
 
~t
!2!3
Po~
1
3.
CS
LnjvA-l
tj
(horde..
T5
q
lMf~
 
Reflexes 
For
every reflex there
is
a sensory
(in)
andmotor
lout) 
Out
n
eflex
Q
~ ~ 8 : J
~
f1""-.
~
\In)
orneallight
~'~"'
~t
un
Cornealblink
J
1
VII
-closes eye(Vl)-helps eyestay
open
SneezeV
(V2)
X
\....-
L",,\:
ag
X
'..../'
XX
~
oughV 
~
awJerk
~Pillih-
~
~
«
m
ArchesClefts/GroovesPouchesMesoderm
+
NeuralCrest)
Pouch
(Ectoderm)(endoderm)Neural Crest
=
Bone
+
CT
Mesoderm
=
MM
+
AA
• 
MM
of
mastication
f"/
A-l-'
• 
Myelohyoid
• 
Mandible malleus
N
M
iclclle
earcaviryExternal auditory meatus
Maxilla 
I
}\uditorvtube
INN
by
CN
V(V2
+
V3)
Tensor
velli
palitini
(/I
M
Mastoid
air
cells
• 
Tensor
tympani
• 
Incus
\(3
• 
Ant.digastric maxilla
• 
MM
of
facialexpression
• 
Post. digastric
Stylohyoid Mesenchymeovergrows 3
+
4 
• 
Stapedius
2.
Epitheliallining
of
palatine tonsils
INN
by
CN
VII
• 
Stapks
-
Lesser
--
om
of
hyoid
• 
Styloidprocess
'
LL
,
• 
Styln)wniclligament
• 
(!
lo.l!haryngeUs
It
10:"-
e
h
f"1V\
",cJ
3.
CNIX
mmon
carotid)
Inferior
parathyroid
~ 3
'
-
• 
Greater
hom
of
hyoid
• 
Soft
.Q
ll
!
ll
te
mm
except
t e
1 i 1
s
~ r
,
velli
palatine'
"It;
1
• 
Pharynx
mm
except
4.
CN
X (SuperiorLaryngeal)
Superior
£arathyroid
s
~~
h
..a~7
~
eus
• 
Cncot
tyrOld
muscle
---
v~~
• Cricopharyngeus• 
lA
rch
ot
aorta)
L
l'
g
J-
g
~ . . ? J 
~j
(V
, J
fA
'-1/
I}Ak
M
\
• 
Intrinsic larynx
m u s c l
~
ex
cept
cricothyroidmuscle
~
ct.,,\
.
U
lJ..\
~o
6<-(\.0-
J
6.
CN
X (RecurrentLaryngeal)
• 
Esophageal
mm
vPulmonary
aa...-Ductus arteriosus
C 
,
~
u.~)
(-
c"J
C:.l.-r.
"""""
'-
Really
good
summary
of
embryo
ill
FIRST
AID

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