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Unit

7:Pressure
At

the

end

of

this

unit,

a

student

should

be

able

to
define the term pressure in terms of force and area
recall and apply the relationship
pressure = force /area
to new situations or to solve relatedproblems
describe and explain the transmission of pressure in hydraulic systems with particularreference to the hydraulic press
recall and apply the relationship
pressure due to a liquid column = height of column xdensity of the liquid x gravitational field strength
to new situations or to solve relatedproblems
describe how the height of a liquid column may be used to measure the atmosphericpressure
describe the use of a manometer in the measurement of pressure difference.

1. Pressure
Pressure is theforce acting normallyper unit areaPressure = Force
FPA
AreaP = F/ASI Unit:Pascal (Pa) orNewton per square metre(N/m
2
)

Example 1
The weight of a man is 600 N.Calculate the pressure he exerted onthe floor if he is wearing a pair of track shoes and the area of contact of each shoe with the ground is 0.02 m
2
.Pressure = F/A= 600/(2x0.02) =15 000 Pa
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