This thesis examines the earliest inhabited settlements of the hinterland of the Greek colony at Apollonia during the Protourban period (ca. 700 - 450 B.C). The areas of Myzeqe andMallakastra are the geographical focus of this detailed analysis. The first chapter concentrates onthe discussion of the physical landscape of these areas, and the history of archaeologicalresearch. The second chapter consists of the list of sites that are discussed in this thesis. Their fortifications, domestic architecture, and pottery are analyzed. In the third chapter a discussion of the inter-settlement and intra-settlement levels is made. The lack of burials near the native sitesof this period is noted. Trade in the hinterland of Apollonia, and appearances of imported pottery, namely Corinthian and Ionian but also from other regions of Greece, are discussed.The fourth chapter is a survey of burial rites at Apollonia and the factors that may haveinfluenced the Greeks to adopt the rite of tumulus burial. A history of excavation and researchconducted in the main Apollonian necropolis is provided, and for the first time all the excavatedtumuli burials are described and figures on the types of graves are discussed. The use of pithoiand sarcophagi at Apollonia and Epidamnos/Dyrrachium received particular attention. At theGreek colony of Epidamnnus/Dyrrachium there were no sarcophagi in use before the Roman period, while Apollonia had used them for some time during the Archaic and early Classical period. Then, a survey of the limestone quarries in the vicinity of Apollonia is made, thatinvestigates the various ways that limestone could have been brought to Apollonia; methods usedfor extracting the limestone and the presence near the quarries of shipwrecks carrying limestone blocks suggested that the sea was the preferred method of transportation.