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Civics EOC Review Sheet With Answers UPDATED

Civics EOC Review Sheet With Answers UPDATED

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CIVICS & ECONOMICS EOC REVIEW 
Name__ANSWER KEY__________GOAL 1: Foundations of American Political System & Values & Principles of AmericanDemocracy Objective 1.01: How did geographic diversity influence the economic, political, andsocial life in colonial North America?
NorthernColonies
45 Mostly industry, Large cities, many immigrants, Ship Building and Fishing. Few Slaves, most slaves were house slaves. Agriculture: mostly small farmers, just  producing enough food to eat.
MiddleColonies
45 A mixture of some small industry and agriculture. Similar crops to the southerncolonies. A few large plantations.
SouthernColonies
45 Agriculture, “Cotton is King”, Tobacco production, most of the population wasenslaved Africans. Most of the areas were large Plantations.
1.
 What role did slaves and indentured servants play in the colonies?
42
They provided themajority of the workforce, especially at the large plantations.
 
2.
 What is
mercantilism
? 52.
theory that a country should sell more goods to another countries
3.
Objective 1.02: Trace and analyze the development of ideas about self-government in British North America
.
1.
 Why did the people come from Britain to North America?
They came for various reasons,but the reason they came was to make money.
2.
 Where was the first British attempt at self-government in North America?
 JamestownVirginia, 1607 
3.
 What is a
charter
?
36
a legal document granting land & the other authority to stepcolonial government.
4.
How was the colony managed?
 It was used as a source of revenue (money) for the homecountry (England).
 What was the name of the first representative legislature in North America?
 House of  Burgesses
5.
 What is a
compact
?
36
an agreement or contact among a group of people
 What did the
Mayflower Compact
do?
37 
established a tradition of direct democracy
1
 
6.
 What two bodies made up the government of each of the 13 colonies?
You can ignore thisquestion.
 What kinds of decisions did the governing bodies make?
Objective 1.03: Causes of the American Revolution
1.
List the causes of the American Revolution:
The large amount of taxes that the British put inthe colonists to pay for the French and Indian War. Quartering Act and the Tax on Tea.
2.
Define
 boycott: 52
the refusal to purchase certain goods
3.
 What did the First Continental Congress do?
 54 It was the group of states that got together to send a letter to the King demanding that their rights were restored.
4.
 Where were the first two battles of the American Revolution?
54
 Lexington and Concord 
Objective 1.04: The American Identity 
1.
 What information do we find in the
Declaration of Independence
?
55
 A List of Grievances to the British King
2.
 What two ideals is the United States committed to achieve?
 Life and Liberty
Objective 1.05: Problems Under Articles of Confederation Resolved by Constitution
1.
 What was government like under the
 Articles of Confederation
?
 It was a very looselyaffiliation group of states.
2.
 What challenges and problems did the new states face?
Taxation
3.
How were some of the problems solved with the
Constitution
?
 Established the House of  Representatives and Senate. The Great Compromise- way of resolving disagreements in whicheach side gives up something but gains something.
Objective 1.06: Compare the views of the Federalists and Anti-FederalistsFederalists Anti-FederalistsPAGE 78
 Supporters of the constitution they chose thisname 2 emphasize that the constitution would create a system of federalist – form of government , which power is divided betweenthe fed , or natural government and the states.
 
Those who opposed the constitution theybelieved that the new constitution would takeaway the liberties Americans had fought to win from great Britain.
Objective 1.07: How Bill of Rights Extended Constitution
1.
Define
civil liberties: 121
 freedom to think and act without government interference or  fear of unfair legal treatment 
2.
Give some examples of rights that are protected by the
Bill of Rights
:
120
 
 Religion ,speech, press, assembly, petition
Objective 1:08 Comparing US and other Forms of GovernmentDemocratic GovernmentsAuthoritarian Governments
 Power is held by the people. It is held by agroup of people that have elected by the population.
PG 24
 Power is held by an individual or a group not accountable to the people.
2
 
GOAL 2: How US Government Embodies Purposes, Values, and Principles of  American Democracy Objective 2.01: Identify principles of the US Constitution
1.
Define
popular sovereignty: 12
 American ideas of individual rights to life liberty , the pursuit of happiness.
2.
Define
republic: 24
a representative democracy where citizens chose their law makers
3.
Define
democracy; 23
a government in which citizens hold the power to rule
4.
Define
Bill of Rights:
the first ten amendments to the constitution to protect individual rights.
Objective 2.02: Explain how Constitution defines framework of 3 Branches of Government
5.The _Legislative branch of government makes the laws. It is made up of a ___Senate__ anda _House of representatives___.
6.
 What is the difference between
expressed
and
implied powers? PAGE 185
 Expressed powers – delegated to the congress are enumerated, or clearly listed in article 1 section8 Implied powers – the powers that congress has because of clause 18 because they are not in theconstitution.
7.The __Executive Branch of government sees that the laws are carried out. It is headed by the __President_. PAGE 2098.The __Judicial__Branch interprets the laws. It is headed by the __Supreme Court_butincludes other _courts_. PAGE 239
Objective 2.03: How Constitution Grants and Limits Power of GovernmentLIMITS ON GOVERNMENT POWERWHAT IT IS/ HOW IT LIMITSRule of law PG 87 
The law applies to everyone, even those whoGovern no one may break the laws or escape its Reach
Separation of powerPG 88
 Separate the powers and assign or appoint  Each separate branch of government 
Checks and balancesPG 88
 Each branch of government is able to checkOr limit the powers of the others
Federal System
It is a system of limited government- agovernment with defined restrictions on power 
.
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