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The Leader---Mahathir Mohammad

The Leader---Mahathir Mohammad

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Published by elusive15

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Categories:Types, Business/Law
Published by: elusive15 on Jun 02, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Q1. Suggest some personal traits of leader you have known. Which traits do you believe aremost valuable? Why?Traits
are distinguishing qualities or characteristics of a person, while character is the sum totalof these traits. There are hundreds of personality traits, far too many to be discussed here.Instead, we will focus on a few that are crucial for a leader. The more of these you display as aleader, the more your followers will believe and trust in you.
Traits of a Good Leader
Display sincerity, integrity, and candor in all your actions. Deceptive behavior will not inspire trust.
Base your actions on reason and moral principles. Do not makedecisions based on childlike emotional desires or feelings.
Set goals and have a vision of the future. The vision must beowned throughout the organization. Effective leaders envision what they want and how toget it. They habitually pick priorities stemming from their basic values.
Display confidence in all that you do. By showing endurance in mental, physical, and spiritual stamina, you will inspire others to reach for new heights. Takecharge when necessary.
means giving credit where it is due. A magnanimous leader ensuresthat credit for successes is spread as widely as possible throughout the company.Conversely, a good leader takes personal responsibility for failures. This sort of reversemagnanimity helps other people feel good about themselves and draws the team closer together. To spread the fame and take the blame is a hallmark of effective leadership.
Read, study, and seek challenging assignments.
Show fair treatment to all people. Prejudice is the enemy of justice.Display empathy by being sensitive to the feelings, values, interests, and well-being of others.
Seek out diversity.
is vital torelieve tensionand boredom, as well as todefuse  hostility. Effective leaders know how to use humor to energize followers. Humor is aform of power that provides some control over the work environment. And simply put,humor fosters good camaraderie.
Have the perseverance to accomplish a goal, regardless of theseemingly insurmountable obstacles. Display a confident calmness when under stress.
Use sound judgment to make good decisions at the righttime.
Make timely and appropriate changes in your thinking, plans, andmethods. Show creativity by thinking of new and better goals, ideas, and solutions to problems. Be innovative!
do not command excellence, they buildexcellence. Excellence is "being all you can be" within the bounds of doing what is rightfor your organization.
is a positive energy and an enthusiasm that inspires others to change.When a leader possesses charisma, their warmth and joy is contagious. They don't waste
time focusing on what cannot be done and why; they are excited, passionate andoptimistic regardless of whatever challenges come their way. People eagerly followcharismatic leaders.
Authentic leaders genuinely desire to serve othersthrough their leadership.
According to us the leader should have all of the above traits to prove him to be a good leader.And the most valuable traits of the leader are:
Be tactically and technically proficient
Know yourself and seek self-improvement
Know your workers and look out for their welfare
Keep your workers informed
Set the example
Ensure the task is understood, supervised and accomplished
Train your workers as a team
Make sound and timely decisions
Develop a sense of responsibility in your subordinates
Employ your unit in accordance with its capabilities
Seek responsibility and take responsibility for your actionsInshort it can be said that the Intrinsic traits such as intelligence, good looks, height and so on arenot necessary to become a leader. Anyone can cultivate the proper leadership traits.
Q2. Does it make sense to you that a leader should develop an individualized relationshipwith each follower? Explain advantages and disadvantages to this approach.
According to us the leader–member relationship varies from situation to situation. It can beindividualized it may not be individualized depending upon the situation as being discussed inthe
Contingency theory
. Leaders can actively develop the positive relationships with eachsubordinate, although the positive relationship will have a different form for each person. For example, one person might be treated with “consideration,” another with “initiating structure”depending upon what followers need to feel involved and to succeed.As we know that Management puts the accent on planning, on creating stability and routine,allocating responsibility, controlling and solving problems, taking care of compliancy,emphasizing the contractual commitments, keeping the power, distance and rationality of themanager, approaching the environment creatively. But leadership emphasize more vision andmission, creating change and renovation, motivation and inspiration, creating involvement,stimulating extra effort, interest in others and intuition thereof of the leader, empowerment of theothers, a pro-active attitude and creating possibilities and conditions.
Leader is one who is selected on the basis of elections and a leader should know his followerstheirs problems and have an interaction with there followers to resolve the internal conflicts.Leader is one who keeps the followers on achieving target but its also depends on the size of organization if followers are in thousands or millions so a leader should have team whom hehave given the power to lead and control and they are responsible to him and they are the onewith whom leader in contact personallyIf a leader has 1 million followers so he can give the power to 10 people to lead one lac so thework can be divided and the leader can be informed what their followers want and what they aredoing, through this followers can also express their feelings and motivation to their leader.
The training of a sports-team is a nice example of developing the individualized relationship witheach member. A football-team from Greece becomes then Olympic Champion, without a doubtless due to the present individual talent than to the cohesion of the team. And this again is anachievement of the trainer.
The advantages of having individualized relation with the followers are as follows:-
The leader can make sure that no important task will be overlooked, and can take care thateverybody at all times have a task. He can make sure that most of the resources are put in for thetasks that need most time. He can make sure that everybody got a task that is most appropriate tohis possibilities. In short, he can take care of the coordination. 
The leader can make sure that the whole team goes in one direction, so that individual membersdo not have to worry about a direction, and do not have to keep an eye on the others, to see if they keep more or less to the same direction.
The leader can stimulate the dialogue between the team-members. He can make sure that peoplelisten to each other, even if they wouldn’t do that easily otherwise.
Besides the advantages of the individualized relationship with subordinates, there are manydisadvantages of it. These are given as follows:

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