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Tratado Teologico Politico

Tratado Teologico Politico



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Published by politk
para entendidos: la realidad es perfeccion
para entendidos: la realidad es perfeccion

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Published by: politk on Jun 02, 2010
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A Theologico-Political Treatise
 By Benedict De Spinoza
Translated by R. H. M. Elwes
TABLE OF CONTENTS:PREFACE.Origin and consequences of superstition.Causes that have led the author to write.Course of his investigation.For what readers the treatise is designed. Submission of author to the rulers of his country.CHAPTER I - Of Prophecy.Definition of prophecy.Distinction between revelation to Moses and to the other prophets.Between Christ and other recipients of revelation.Ambiguity of the word "Spirit."The different senses in which things may be referred to God.Different senses of "Spirit of God."Prophets perceived revelation by imagination.CHAPTER II - Of Prophets.A mistake to suppose that prophecy can give knowledge of phenomenaCertainty of prophecy based on:Vividness of imagination,A Sign,Goodness of the Prophet.Variation of prophecy with the temperament and opinions of the individual.1
CHAPTER III - Of the Vocation of the Hebrews, and whether the Gift of Prophecy was peculiar to them.Happiness of Hebrews did not consist in the inferiority of the Gentile. Nor in philosophic knowledge or virtue.But in their conduct of affairs of state and escape from political dangers.Even this Distinction did not exist in the time of Abraham.Testimony from the Old Testament itself to the share of the Gentiles in the law and favour of God.Explanation of apparent discrepancy of the Epistle to the Romans.Answer to the arguments for the eternal election of the Jews.CHAPTER IV - Of the Divine Law.Laws either depend on natural necessity or on human decree. The existence of the latter notinconsistent with the former class of laws.Divine law a kind of law founded on human decree:called Divine from its object.Divine law:universal;independent of the truth of any historical narrative;independent of rites and ceremonies;its own reward.Reason does not present God as a law-giver for men.Such a conception a proof of ignorance - in Adam - in the Israelites - in Christians.Testimony of the Scriptures in favour of reason and therational view of the Divine.CHAPTER V. - Of the Ceremonial Law.Ceremonial law of the Old Testament no part of the Divine universal law, but partial and temporary.Testimony of the prophets themselves to this Testimony of the New Testament.How the ceremonial law tended to preserve the Hebrew kingdom.Christian rites on a similar footing.What part of the Scripture narratives is one bound to believe?Authors Endnotes to the Treatise.CHAPTER VI - Of Miracles.2
Confused ideas of the vulgar on the subject.A miracle in the sense of a contravention of natural laws an absurdity.In the sense of an event, whose cause is unknown,less edifying than an event better understood.God's providence identical with the course of nature.How Scripture miracles may be interpreted.CHAPTER VII - Of the Interpretation of Scripture.Current systems of interpretation erroneous.Only true system to interpret it by itself.Reasons why this system cannot now be carried out in its entirety.Yet these difficulties do not interfere with our understanding the plainest and most important passages.Rival systems examined - that of a supernaturalfaculty being necessary - refuted.That of Maimonides.Refuted.Traditions of the Pharisees and the Papists rejected.CHAPTER VIII. - Of the authorship of the Pentateuch,and the other historical books of the Old Testament.The Pentateuch not written by Moses.His actual writings distinct.Traces of late authorship in the other historical books.All the historical books the work of one man.Probably Ezra.Who compiled first the book of Deuteronomy.And then a history, distinguishing the books by the names of their subjects.CHAPTER IX. - Other questions about these books.That these books have not been thoroughly revised and made to agree.That there are many doubtful readings.That the existing marginal notes are often such.The other explanations of these notes refuted.The hiatus.3

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