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ICMP

ICMP

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Published by mass murderer63
Le protocole icmp expliqué. comme les autres, ce cours est de niveau BTS.
Le protocole icmp expliqué. comme les autres, ce cours est de niveau BTS.

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Published by: mass murderer63 on Jun 05, 2008
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11/27/2012

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Protocole ICMP 
Le protocole de niveau 4, Internet Control Message Protocol sert à analyseret à diagnostiquerles erreurs de datagrammes sur IP. (voir RFC 792)
 
1 ICMP and the TCPVIP Reference Model 
Telnet
 
FTP
 
DNS
 
TSTP
 
TCP
 
UDP
 
ICMP
 
IP
 
2 Quand utiliser ICMP 
?
· Pour déterminer pourquoi un Datagramme ne peut atteindre sadestination· Pour savoir pourquoi une destination ne prends pas tous lesDatagrammes envoyés.· Pour recueillir des informations sur la validité d'une route.
3 ICMP Base Message Format 
Type (0-7)
 
Code (8-15)
 
Checksum (16-13)
 
.
Type: Defines Message Type· Code: fourni des infos supplémentaires.· Checksum: le CRC sur 16-bit.
11 Core ICMP Messages
· Echo Reply (0)· Destination Unreachable (3) ; Destination non-atteignable· Source Quench (4) ; Tarir la Source· Redirect (5) ; Redirection· Echo Request (8)· Time Exceeded (11) ;Temps dépassé· Parameter Problem (12) ; Paramètre IP inintelligible· Timestamp Request (13) ; Etiquetage temporel· Timestamp Reply (14) ; Etiquetage temporel· Information Request (15) ; Demande d'info· Information Reply (16) ; réponse d'info· (17);Demande masque d'adresse
 
· (18) ;Réponse masque d'adresse
Destination Unreachable (3)
· Gateway-to-host· Network unreachable· Host unreachable"Don't fragment" (DF) flag set in IP header, but fragmentation is neededSource route failedHost-to-hostprotocol unavailableport unavailableCode indicates "error type"
Time Exceeded (11) and Parameter Problem (12)
 Time ExceededCode indicates:Gateway-to-host: time-to-live exceeded in packet transitHost-to-host: fragment reassembly time exceeded (possibly due to missingfragments)· Parameter ProblemGateway-to-host or host-to-hostIndicates problem with field in IP header of original messageOnly sent if original message had to bc discarded
Echo Request (8) and Echo Reply (0)
Host-to-host or host-to-gatewayIncludes identifier, sequence number, and small amount of dataData should bc "echoed" back

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