· (18) ;Réponse masque d'adresse
Destination Unreachable (3)
· Gateway-to-host· Network unreachable· Host unreachable"Don't fragment" (DF) flag set in IP header, but fragmentation is neededSource route failedHost-to-hostprotocol unavailableport unavailableCode indicates "error type"
Time Exceeded (11) and Parameter Problem (12)
Time ExceededCode indicates:Gateway-to-host: time-to-live exceeded in packet transitHost-to-host: fragment reassembly time exceeded (possibly due to missingfragments)· Parameter ProblemGateway-to-host or host-to-hostIndicates problem with field in IP header of original messageOnly sent if original message had to bc discarded
Echo Request (8) and Echo Reply (0)
Host-to-host or host-to-gatewayIncludes identifier, sequence number, and small amount of dataData should bc "echoed" back