to size and capability-Super computers, Mainframe computers, Mini computers,Micro computers
purpose-General purpose computers,Special purpose computers - air traffic control systems., Controlling fuel in automobiles).A digital computer can count and accept numbers and letters through various inputdevices,
accuracy ,Disadvantage - high cost,Analog computers are carried out by a few single purpose devices, low cost,disadvantage-accuracy factor, and the limited storage capacity. It is not suitable for processing business data.A Hybrid computers using some parts employing digital computations and some
partsbased on Analog principles.Eg-
pressure meters, gauze, thermometers,
Largest and fastest
.Not used for commercial data processing.
Used in specialized areas asin
Defense, Aircraft design, computer generated movies, weather research etc.
The firstsuper computer
the ILLIAC IV
CRAY, CDC,FUGITSU, NEC
CRAY-1 is considered the most powerful computer today.
CRAY-2 and CRAY-3 developed by Seymore Cray are wonderful
CanProcess 64 bits or more at a time.Processing speed ranges from 10,000 millioninstructions per sec (MIPS) to 1.2 billion instructions per sec.
Less powerful and cheaper . Big general purpose computers capable of handling all
kinds of scientific and business applications. Can process several million instructionsper second.Devices like magnetic tape drivers, hard disk drive, visual display units,plotters, printers and telecommunication terminals can be attached to Mainframecomputers.ES/9000 family of computers of the International Business Machines Corp.(IBM) used for such applications as payroll computations, accounting, businesstransactions, information retrieval and airline seat reservations.
performs data processing activities. The cost of minis islower.A mini computer can
typically support 10 to 12 terminals. The most popular Minicomputers or minis areNova,Dec, PDP_II and IBM series.