PREPARATION OF WOODEN FLOORS
Remove old floor coverings. If these are tiles stuck onto hardboard or plywood, use a hammer and bolster chiselto get under the base overlay and remove it in large sheets.
PREPARATION OF CONCRETE AND ASPHALT FLOORS
On old solid floors, remove all old floor coverings except well-stuck cork, ceramic tiles or parquet. Remove oldlino, vinyl and thermoplastic tiles using a hot air gun and a wide-bladed paint scraper. Remove as much adhesiveas possible as you proceed.
To avoid burns and blisters, wear heavy-duty gardening gloves.New concrete floors must be smooth, absolutely dry and have an integral damp-proof membrane. This is a sheetof plastic laid under the concrete to stop rising damp. The room must be warm and well ventilated in order for theconcrete or screed to dry. Minimum drying times for concrete: 50mm thick takes 2 months, 75mm thick takes 4months and 100mm thick takes 6 months.
Repair damaged areas and cracks and remove high spots.
Chop out the damage with a bolster chisel.
Paint the hole with dilute PVAadhesive (thoroughly mix one part PVAadhesive to five parts water).
Fill the hole with sharp sand and cement mortar: 1 part cement to 4 parts sand, mixed with the 1:5 PVAsolution.
Allow it to dry thoroughly.The floor, including ceramic or parquet, may now be covered with self-levelling latex screed, applied with ametal trowel.
Lay the screed 3mm thick, as smooth as possible. Most marks will disappear as the screed dries.
You cannot stick tiles onto an asphalt sub-floor. Use a wire brush to abrade the asphalt, giving it a ‘key’(a crosshatch pattern that improves the bonding between surfaces).
Spread a self-levelling latex screed 3mm thick. Make sure the latex screed is compatible with asphalt.
After 24 hours lightly abrade the screed with coarse abrasive paper, wrapped round a cork sanding block, toensure a smooth surface.
Vacuum the floor before laying the tiles.The new floor may stop doors from opening and shutting properly. If so, you will have to remove some wood fromthe bottom of the door. Use a tile to mark a line on the bottom of the door and add on 3mm
to provide adequateclearance. Remove the door. Remove surplus material with a plane or saw and re-hang the door.