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Conceptos centrales en el Judaismo - Eleccion

Conceptos centrales en el Judaismo - Eleccion

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Published by Joshua Kullock

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Joshua Kullock on Jun 02, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/25/2013

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JB
Hdehk~|dx h
ke|zackx ke kc F{laíxmd6 –Kckhh`øe”
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\zal{hh`øe6 Zaj`ed Fdxb{a O{ccdho
^ke|a|k{hd6 Gàekx`x 1:61-8
Ck l`fd Al-
ea` a Ajzam6 –Yk|k lk |{ |`kzza p lk |{ iam`c`a p lk ca haxa ~a|kzea a ca |`kzza q{k |k
xkñacazà% P bazà lk |` {e ~{kjcd gzaelk p |k jkelkh`zà p kegzaelkhkzà |{ edmjzk p xkzáx {eajkel`h`øe% P jkelkh`zà a q{`kekx |k jkel`gae p maclkh`zà a q{`kekx |k macl`gae# p ke |` xkzáe
jkelkh`lax |dlax cax iam`c`ax lk ca |`kzza%”
 
^ke|a|k{hd6 Gàekx`x 1761-11
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ea` l`h`àeldck6 –Pd xdp Kc Xbala`%Aela ae|k Mí p xà íe|kgzd% P Pd kx|ajckhkzà M` ~ah|d hde|`gd p |k m{c|`~c`hazà xdjzkmaekza%”Ke|dehkx xk khbø Ajzam zdx|zd a |`kzza m`ke|zax Lx ck lkhía6 –Pd |k ae{eh`d q{k M` ~ah|d kx
hde|`gd p xkzáx ~alzk lk {ea m{c|`|{l lk ~{kjcdx% P lkfazáx lk ccamaz|k Ajzam# ~{kx |{ edmjzkxkzá Ajzabam# ~{kx |k bk hdeykz|`ld ke ~alzk lk e{mkzdxdx ~{kjcdx% P bazà q{k xkax iz{h|íikzd pq{k lk |` x{zfae ~{kjcdx p xacgae zkpkx% P kx|ajckhkzà M` ~ah|d hde|`gd p |{ x`m`ke|k lkx~{àx lk |`ke |dlax x{x gkekzah`dekx% Xkzá {e ~ah|d k|kzed6 Pd xkzà Lx ~aza |` p ~aza |{ x`m`ke|k lkx~{àx lk|`% P |k lazà a |` p a |{ x`m`ke|k lkx~{àx lk |` ca |`kzza lk |{x ~kzkgz`eah`dekx6 |dla ca |`kzza lkHaeaáe# hdmd ~dxkx`øe k|kzea# p Pd xkzà
kc Lx lk |{ lkxhkelkeh`a%” P ck l`fd Lx a Ajzabam6 –P |ö
g{azlazáx M` ~ah|d# |ö p |{ x`m`ke|k lkx~{àx lk |`# ~aza cax gkekzah`dekx% Kx|k kx M` ~ah|d q{kydxd|zdx g{azlazà`x# |ö p |{ x`m`ke|k lkx~{àx lk |`6 |dld yazøe lk ydxd|zdx xkzá h`zh{eh`lald%H`zh{eh
`lazà`x ~{kx ca hazek lk y{kx|zd ~zk~{h`d p kxa xkzá ca xkñac lkc ~ah|d hkckjzald hde|`gd%”
 
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Edx kckg`x|k ke|zk cdx ~{kjcdx# edx hdehkl`x|k \{ amdz% Edx kckyax|k ke|zk cax eah`dekx# edxxae|`i`hax|k hde \{x ~zkhk~|dx p edx ahkzhax|k ac h{c|d lk \{ ykekzald edmjzk%
X`l{z6 Jkel`h`dekx lk ca \dza
Jkel`|d kzkx \ö# Al-ea`# Lx e{kx|zd Zkp lkc [e`ykzxd# q{k edx xae|`i`hax|k hde \{x ~zkhk~|dx p edx~zkxhz`j`x|k kc kx|{l`d p ca mkl`|ah`øe lk ca \dza%Db Lx e{kx|zd# bav q{k kc hde|ke`ld lk \{ \dza xka kc lkck`|k e{kx|zd p kc lk |dld \{ ~{kjcd @xzakcp q{k xkamdx edxd|zdx p e{kx|zdx lkxhkel`ke|kx p |dlax cax gkekzah`dekx lk @xzakc# hdedhkldzkxlk \{ edmjzk p kx|{l`dxdx ajekgaldx lk \{ \dza% Jkel`|d kzkx \ö# Al-ea`# q{k zkykcax|k \{ \dzaac ~{kjcd lk @xzakc%Jkel`|d kzkx \ö# Al-ea`# Lx e{kx|zd Zkp lkc [e`ykzxd# q{k edx kckg`x|k ke|zk cdx ~{kjcdx ~azake|zkgazedx \{ \dza% Jkel`|d kzkx \ö# Al-ea`# q{k edx hdeikz`x|k ca \dza%
X`l{z6 Ack`e{
Lkjkmdx acajaz ac Xkñdz lk |dld# ahcamaz ca gzaelkva lk aq{kc q{k hzkø kc m{eld% Q{`ke ed edxb`vd hdmd cax eah`dekx lk ca |`kzza# e` edx ax`geø hdmd a cax iam`c`ax lk ca |`kzza% Q{`ke ed edx l`d{ea ~dzh`øe hdmd ca lk kccdx# e` mazhø e{kx|zd lkx|`ed hdmd kc lkc zkx|d lk cax m{c|`|{lkx% Pa q{kkccdx xk ~kzx`geae izk
e|k a ca yae`lal p cd yahíd –p z{kgae a {e l`dx q{k ed cdx xacya” "@x% <;6:>)%
M`ke|zax q{k edxd|zdx edx b`ehamdx# edx azzdl`ccamdx p zkel`mdx ~ck`|kxía izke|k ac Zkp lkZkpkx# kc Xae|d jkel`|d xka# q{`ke ~{xd cdx h`kcdx k b`vd i`zmk ca |`kzza% Kc |zded lk X{ gcdz`a kx ke
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 cax ac|{zax hkckx|`ackx# p ca ~zkxkeh`a lk X{ i{kzva ke cax keh{mjzalax kckyah`dekx% Àc kx e{kx|zdLx# p ed bap d|zd# ke ykzlal Àc kx e{kx|zd Zkp# ed bap e`eg{ed máx% Hdmd kx|á kxhz`|d ke X{ \dza6
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 ^dz |ae|d hdei`amdx ke \`# Al-ea` e{kx|zd Lx# q{k ~zde|amke|k m{kx|zkx kc kx~ckeldz lk \{i{kzva# a i`e lk zkmdykz cax ajdm`eah`dekx lk ca |`kzza p q{k cdx íldcdx xkae |d|acmke|klkx|z{`ldx% ^aza zk~azaz kc m{eld jafd kc zk`eald lkc \dld~dlkzdxd% P |dld xkz b{maed `eydhazá\{ edmjzk# ~aza dz`ke|az bah`a \` a |dldx cdx macyaldx lk ca |`kzza% \k hdedhkzáe p zkhdedhkzáe|dldx cdx baj`|ae|kx lkc m{eld# pa q{k |dla zdl`cca ae|k \` xk `ehc`eazá p |dla ckeg{a a \` f{zazá_ckac|al]% Ae|k \`# Al-ea`# e{kx|zd Lx# xk b`ehazáe p hakzáe# p bdezazáe a \{ gcdz`dxd edmjzk%\dldx kccdx zkh`j`záe kc p{gd lk \{ zk`eald# p zk`eazáx xdjzk kccdx ~zde|amke|k p ~aza x`km~zk% Paq{k kc zk`ed a \` |k ~kz|kekhk p ~dz x`km~zk bajzáx lk zk`eaz hde bdedz% Hdmd kx|á kxhz`|d ke \{
\dza6 –Al
-
ea` zk`eazá k|kzeamke|k p ~aza x`km~zk” "Kr% 1;612)% P |amj`àe l`hk6 –Al
-ea` xkzá zkpxdjzk |dla ca |`kzza? ke aq{kc lía# Al-
ea` xkzá öe`hd# p öe`hd xkzá X{ edmjzk”
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–\dldx cdx ~{kjcdx xk hdegzkgazáe f{e|dx” "@x% <860
)% Kc Xae|d jkel`|d xka ke|dehkx l`zá6 Edke|zke izke|k a m` mkvhcaldx# x`ed q{k `egzkxk ~dz xk~azald hala eah`øe hde x{x xaj`dx# hdmd
kx|á kxhz`|d6 –Xk f{e|azáe &~dz/ x{x eah`dekx” "`jíl%)
%
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Kc `m~kz`d zdmaed `egzkxazá izke|k a Àc ke ~z`mkz c{gaz &…/ K
c Xae|d jkel`|d xka ckx ~zkg{e|azá6´Hde q{à xk bae dh{~ald4Kccdx hde|kx|azáe6 Xdjkzaed lkc [e`ykzxd# bkmdx kx|ajckh`ld e{mkzdxdx mkzhaldx# bkmdxhdex|z{`ld e{mkzdxdx jañdx p bkmdx gkekzald aj{elaeh`a lk ~ca|a p dzd
 ‘
p |dld kx|d cd bkmdxbkhbd ~dz @xzakc# ~aza q{k kccdx ~{klae lkl`hazxk a ca \dza%Kc Xae|d jkel`|d xka ckx zkx~delkzá6 ¡\de|dx! \dld cd q{k b`h`kzde# cd b`h`kzde ~dz x{x ~zd~`dx`e|kzkxkx% Kx|ajckh`kzde mkzhaldx ~aza `ex|acaz ke kccdx ~zdx|`|{|ax? hdex|z{pkzde jañdx ~azahdexke|`zxk a {x|klkx m`xmdx% Ke h{ae|d ac dzd p a ca ~ca|a
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xde mídx# hdmd kx|á kxhz`|d6 –Mía kxca ~ca|a p míd kx kc dzd” "Bag% :62)% ´Bap acg{ed ke|zk {x|klkx q{k ~{klk lkhcazaz ‒¡Kx|a!‐ &hdmdkx|á kxhz`|d6 –´Q{`àe lk kccdx l`zá ‒kx|a‐4” "@x% <860)/4 ‘
 
&pa q{k/ ‒kx|a‐ x`ge
`i`ha ca \dza# hdmd kx|á
kxhz`|d6 –Kx|a kx ca \dza &q{k Md`xàx ~{xd lkcae|k lk cdx b`fdx lk @xzakc/ "L|% <6<<)%
 
@emkl`a|amke|k# kccdx xaclzáe lk ca ~zkxkeh`a lk Àc# x{mamke|k lkhk~h`dealdx &…/ [ea ykv q{k
kc `m~kz`d zdmaed bapa xac`ld# kc `m~kz`d ~kzxa baj
zá lk `egzkxaz &…/ Kc Xae|d jkel`|d xka ckx
~zkg{e|azá6 ´Hde q{à xk bae dh{~ald4Kccdx hde|kx|azáe6 Xdjkzaed lkc [e`ykzxd# bkmdx kz`g`ld e{mkzdxdx ~{ke|kx# bkmdx ha~|{zalde{mkzdxax h`{lalkx# p bkmdx c`jzald e{mkzdxax g{kzzax
 ‘
p |dld kx|d cd bkmdx bkhbd ~dz @xzakc#~aza q{k kccdx ~{klae lkl`hazxk a ca \dza%Kc Xae|d jkel`|d xka ckx zkx~delkzá6 ¡\de|dx! \dld cd q{k b`h`kzde# cd b`h`kzde ~dz x{x ~zd~`dx`e|kzkxkx% Kz`g`kzde ~{ke|kx ~aza zkhdckh|az `m~{kx|dx? ha~|{zazde h`{lalkx hdmd i{ke|k lk
 
 
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 |zajafdx idzvaldx% Ke h{ae|d a ca g{kzza
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xdp Pd q{`ke cax bk c`jzald# hdmd kx|á kxhz`|d6
–Al
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kx bdmjzk lk g{kzza” "Kr% 1;68)% ´Bap acg{ed ke|zk {x|klkx q{k ~{klk lkhcazaz ‒¡Kx|a!‐4 &Lx bajca
hde cdx ~kzxax hdmd hde cdx zdmaedx]%@emkl`a|amke|k# kccdx xaclzáe
lk ca ~zkxkeh`a lk Àc# x{mamke|k lkhk~h`dealdx &…/ p cd m`xmd
dh{zzk hde hala {ea lk cax eah`dekx%\dlax kccax bajzáe ke|dehkx lk azgó`z izke|k a Àc6 Xdjkzaed lkc [e`ykzxd# ´ahaxd edx ca baxdizkh`ld "ca \dza) p edxd|zdx edx bkmdx ekgald a ahk~|azca4´^k
zd lk løelk xk |k ba dh{zz`ld lkh`z kx|d4 ´Ahaxd ed kx|á kxhz`|d6 –P l`fd6 Al
-ea` y`ed
lk X`eaí# lk Xk`z cdx ac{mjzø” "L|% 886:) p |amj`àe l`hk6 –Lx y`kek lk \kmáe &kc Xae|dlkxlk kc mde|k lk ^azáe/” "Baj% 868)4 ´^dz q{à mkeh`dea a Xk`z4 ´^dz q{à mkeh`dea
a^azáe4 L`fd Zaj` @dfaeae6 Edx kexkña q{k ca ~zkxke|ø kc Xae|d jkel`|d xka "ca \dza) a
|dlax cax eah`dekx p ckeg{ax p ed ca zkh`j`kzde bax|a q{k y`ed a @xzakc p ca ahk~|azde &…/
 Ke|dehkx# axí kx q{k l`hke _cax eah`dekx]6 Xdjkzaed lkc [e`ykzxd# ´ahaxd ~{x`x|k {eamde|aña xdjzk e{kx|zax hajkvax p ed ca ahk~|amdx hdmd b`h`x|k hde @xzakc# hdmd kx|á
kxhz`|d6 –Kccdx xk hdegzkgazde ac ~`k lkc mde|k” "Kr% 10617)% P l`fd Zaj L`m` jaz Fama6 Edx
kexkña q{k ~{xd kc Xae|d jkel`|d xka kc mde|k hdmd {ea h{jk|a xdjzk @xzakc p ckx l`fd6 X`ahk~|ae ca \dza# j`ke# p x` ed kx|a xkzá y{kx|za |{mja%Ke kxk mdmke|d# ckx l`zá kc Xae|d jkel`|d xka6 Cdx ~z`mkzdx mk `eidzmazáe# hdmd kx|á kxhz`|d6
–Q{k edx baga d`z cax hdxax ~z`mkzax” "@x% <860)% Cdx x`k|k ~zkhk~|dx &lk Edà/ q{k ahk~|
azde#´hømd cdx bae h{m~c`ld4 P ckx kexkñazá _kc Xae|d jkel`|d xka] q{k ed cdx bae h{m~c`ld%
&…/
 Cax eah`dekx lkc m{eld ck hde|kx|azáe ac Xae|d jkel`|d xka6 Xdjkzaed lkc [e`ykzxd# @xzakc q{kahk~|ø ca \dza# ´hømd ca h{m~c`ø4 Ckx zkx~delkzá kc Xae|d jkel`|d xka6 Pd xdp |kx|`gd q{k kccdxh{m~c`kzde hde |dla ca \dza% Ck l`záe6 Xdjkzaed lkc [e`ykzxd# ´ahaxd {e ~alzk ~{klk laz
|kx|`mde`d lk x{ b`fd# hdmd kx|á kxhz`|d6 –@xzakc kx m` b`fd# m` ~z`mdgàe`|d” "Kr% <6::)4 Ckx
zkx~delkzá kc Xae|d jkel`|d xka6 Cdx h`kcdx p ca |`kzza xkzáe |kx|`gdx lk q{k kccdx h{m~c`kzde hde|dla ca \dza% Ck l`záe6 Xdjkzaed lkc [e`ykzxd# cdx h`kcdx p ca |`kzza xde ~az|kx `e|kzkxalax ke
zkcah`øe a x{ |kx|`mde`d# hdmd kx|á kxhz`|d6 –X` Pd ed bk kx|ajckh`ld m` ~ah|d
lía p edhbkke|dehkx ed b
ajzà lk xdx|kekz cax ckpkx lkc h`kcd p ca |`kzza”
"Fk% 886:;)
&…/ Ckx zkx~delkzá kc
Xae|d jkel`|d xka6 Lk {x|klkx ykelzáe p |kx|`i`hazáe q{k @xzakc h{m~c`ø hde |dla ca \dza% YkelzáE`mzdl p lazá |kx|`mde`d lk Ajzabam# q{`ke ed x`zy`ø a l`dxkx ~agaedx? ykelzá Cajae p lazá|kx|`mde`d lk Fahdj# q{`ke ed ~{ld xkz h{c~ald lk zdjd? ykelzá ca m{fkz lk ^d|`ikza p lazá|kx|`mde`d lk Fdxà# q{`ke ed ~{ld xkz h{c~ald lk al{c|kz`d? ykelzá Eaj{hdldedxdz p lazá|kx|`mde`d lk Faeae`a# M`xbakc p Avaz`a# q{`kekx ed xk azzdl`ccazde izke|k ac íldcd? ykelzá Lazíd plazá |kx|`mde`d lk Lae`kc# q{`ke ed lkfø lk zkh`|az x{x ~ckgaz`ax? ykelzáe J`clal kc x{b`|a# Vdiaz kceaama|`|a p Kc`iav kc |kmae`|a p lazáe |kx|`mde`d lk q{k @xzakc h{m~c`ø hde |dla ca \dza# hdmd
kx|á kxhz`|d6 –^zkxke|ke x{x |kx|`gdx p f{x|`iíq{kexk” "@x% <860)%
 Ke|dehkx kccdx l`záe izke|k a Àc6 Xdjkzaed lkc [e`ykzxd# ke|zàgaedxca "ca \dza) e{kyamke|k ph{m~c`zkmdx hde kcca% Ckx zkx~delkzá kc Xae|d jkel`|d xka6 ¡\de|dx! Aq{kc q{k xk ~zk~aza ke cayíx~kza lkc Xbaja|# hdmkzá ke Xbaja|# m`ke|zax q{k aq{kc q{k ed xk ~zk~aza ke ca yíx~kza lkXbaja| - ´hømd bajzá lk hdmkz ke Xbaja|4 Ed djx|ae|k# |kegd {ea m`|vya xkeh`cca# p X{ha kx x{edmjzk
 ‘
 
yapae p h{m~cae hde kcca &…/ Ke kxk mdmke|d# hala {ea lk kccax "cax eah`dekx) ya p
bahkx{ X{ha ke kc |khbd# p kc Xae|d jkel`|d xka bahk q{k kc xdc jz`cck hdmd ke ca à~dha lk \am{v#x`keld q{k hala {ea _lk cax eah`dekx] lkxlkña x{ X{ha p xack lk kcca# hdmd kx|á kxhz`|d6
–Zdm~amdx cax c`gal{zax lk x{ p{gd# p khbkmdx lk edxd|zdx x{x h{kzlax” "Xa% :68)% &…/
 
Ke kxk mdmke|d# kc Xae|d jkel`|d xka xk x`ke|a &ke X{ |zded/ p xk z`k# hdmd kx|á kxhz`|d6 –Kc q{kmdza ke cdx h`kcdx xk zk`zá# &kc Xkñdz xk j{zcazá lk kccdx/” "
`jíl% <)%

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