reasoning and analogical reasoning to model the recognition-basedmode of decision making.The results of MoralDM experiments provided the impetus tofurther examine the role of cultural narratives and analogicalreasoning on moral decision making. This work examines whetherthe processes by which core cultural narratives are applied in
people‘s lives follow the principles of analogical retrieval and
mapping. In particular, it examines how analogical accessibilityand alignability influence the use of canonical moral narratives.The results of a series of experiments performed among Iranianand American participants are reported and these results aresimulated using MoralDM.The last contribution of this thesis is regarding the use of structured qualitative representations and analogical generalizationin modeling the similarities and differences in causal reasoning forbiological kinds. The individual models built from transcript dataare used to construct generalizations, which are tested both byinspection and by creating a classifier to distinguish models basedon the culture and the level of expertise of the participants.Overall, this thesis argues for the importance of highly structuralrepresentations in conjunction with analogical reasoning forcapturing and modeling some effects of culture on cognition.
Decision Making, Moral Reasoning, AnalogicalReasoning, Cognitive Modeling, Integrated Reasoning