While stirring the copper sulfate solution with the stirring rod, slowly add the ironfilings to the hot copper (II) sulfate solution. Do not add all the iron powder atonce. Continue to stir.6.
Allow the reaction mixture to stand, without stirring, for about five minutes toensure complete reaction. The solid copper metal will settle to the bottom of thebeaker. If small iron powder is still floating, use a small amount of soap dish tomake the filings settle to the bottom.7.
Use the stirring rod to decant (pour off) the liquid slowly into a 400-mL beaker. Becareful to decant only the liquid.8.
Add about 15-mL of distilled water to the copper solid and carefully swirl thebeaker to wash the copper. Decant the liquid slowly and carefully into the 400-mLbeaker.9.
Repeat step 8 two more times.10.
Place the 150-mL beaker containing the wet copper carefully on the hot plate. Uselow heat to dry the copper. Do not overheat the wet copper.11.
Once there is no signs of water vapor on the beaker, remove the beaker from thehot plate using tons and allow it to cool.12.
Measure and record the exact mass of the cooled 150-mL beaker and copper.
Cleanup and Disposal:
Make sure the hot plate is off 2.
The dry copper can be placed in a waste container. Wet any residue that sticks tothe beaker and wipe it out using a paper towel. Pour the unreacted copper (II)sulfate and iron (II) sulfate solutions into a large beaker in the fume hood.3.
Put all lab equipment to its proper place.4.
Wash your hands thoroughly after all lab work and clean up is complete.
The manipulated variable in this lab is iron because iron will be used to replace the copperin the copper sulfate solution.
The responding variable will be copper because it is going to be affected by the amount of iron used in the experiment.