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principles of drug addiction treatment - nih

principles of drug addiction treatment - nih

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Published by Starlight19

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Published by: Starlight19 on Jun 05, 2008
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National Institute on Drug Abuse
National Institutes of Health
principles of
drug addiction
A research-based guide
of Effective
1.No single treatment is appropriate for
all individuals.M at ching treatment settings, in t er-

ventions, and services to each individual\u2019s particular problems and needs is critical to his or her ultimate success in returning to productive functioning in the family, workplace, and society.

2.Treatment needs to be readily available.

Because individuals who are addicted to drugs may be
u n certain about entering treatm en t, taking adva n tage of op p or-
tunities when they are ready for treatment is crucial. Potential

t reatment applicants can be lost if treatment is not immediat ely
available or is not readily accessible.
3.Effective treatment attends to multiple
needs of the individual, not just his or
her drug use.To be effective, treatment must address
the individual\u2019s drug use and any associated medical, psycho-
logical, social, vocational, and legal problems.
4.An individual\u2019s treatment and services pla n

must be assessed continually and modi-
\ufb01ed as necessary to ensure that the plan
meets the person\u2019s changing needs.A patient

may require varying combinations of services and treatment
components during the course of treatment and recovery. In
a ddition to counseling or psych ot h erapy, a patient at times may

require medication, other medical services, family therapy,
parenting instruction, vocational rehabilitation, and social and
legal services. It is critical that the treatment approach be

ap p rop r iate to the individ u a l\u2019s age, gen d er, et h n icit y, and culture.
5.Remaining in treatment for an adequate
period of time is critical for treatment
e f f e c t i v e n e s s .T he ap p rop r iate duration for an individ u a l
depends on his or her problems and needs (see pages 13-51).

Research indicates that for most patients, the threshold of sig- n i\ufb01cant improvement is rea ched at about 3 months in treat m en t . After this threshold is rea ch ed , a dditional treatment can pro d u ce further progress toward recovery. Because people often lea ve

treatment prematurely, programs should include str ategies to
engage and keep patients in treatment.

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