CYRUS THE GREAT I ISAIAH 45
Written and edited by Glenn Pease
As in all my commentaries I here quote many others, and sometimes I do not have the author'sname. If you know the author of any quotes please let me know and I will give credit. If anyonewho is quoted does not wish their material to be included in this work, they can let me know andI will delete it. You can contact me email@example.comSome of the quotes have technicallanguage that I have eliminated because it is poorly copied and has no value having lost all of itoriginal format.
1. The reason I have chosen to comment on this particular chapter is because it is very unusual. Itreveals God to be sovereign over all people, and that he is able to use a pagan man to illustratethe love and mercy of his own Son who would come and liberate his people. Cyrus is a pagan, buthe is an example of the Messiah. He was a liberator of God's people. He made a major differencein history because he was chosen by God to do so. We tend to think that God only works throughthose who are his chosen people, but here we see God declaring that this man did not evenacknowledge Him, and yet God chose him to do good and mighty things. We can never again,after reading this chapter, assume that a person is not God's chosen tool to be providentially usedfor his purpose in history just because they are not Christians. on-Christian leaders are doingthings all the time that can be rightly seen as godly and beneficial acts that fulfill the will of Godin their time. In the light of this chapter it is folly to limit God's working to believers only. Theworld is filled with pagan leaders who are a positive force in the world for good, and we are blindif we do not see this common grace of God in his universal providence to bless a needy world.People are not saved by being used of God, but they can be the means of saving others, just asCyrus saved the people of God.2. Henry, “Cyrus was nominated, in the foregoing chapter, to be God's shepherd; more is said tohim and more of him in this chapter, not only because he was to be instrumental in the release of the Jews out of their captivity, but because he was to be therein a type of the great Redeemer, andthat release was to be typical of the great redemption from sin and death; for that was thesalvation of which all the prophets witnessed. We have here, I. The great things which God woulddo for Cyrus, that he might be put into a capacity to release God's people, ver. 1-4. II. The proof God would hereby give of his eternal power and godhead, and his universal, incontestable,sovereignty, ver. 5-7. III. A prayer for the hastening of this deliverance, ver. 8. IV. A check to theunbelieving Jews, who quarreled with God for the lengthening out of their captivity, ver. 9, 10. V.Encouragement given to the believing Jews, who trusted in God and continued instant in prayer,assuring them that God would in due time accomplish this work by the hand of Cyrus, ver. 11-15.VI. A challenge given to the worshipers of idols and their doom read, and satisfaction given to theworshipers of the true God and their comfort secured, with an eye to the Mediator, who is made