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88324 - X.Chen -Note 8

88324 - X.Chen -Note 8

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Published by: resal3000 on Jun 03, 2010
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06/04/2010

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Case Study
P-I-D
Control ActionsDesign of A
P-I-D
Controller Case Study
 
P-I-D
Control Actions
Consider a typical control system shown in the following figure:where,
G
(s)
is the plant that needs to be controlled, such as motor system,equivalent mass-damping-spring system, etc.;
G
1
(s)
is the controller to bedesigned. Ignoring the sensor dynamics, that is,
H(s)=
1, the error signal
E(s)
is obtained by
E(s)=R(s)-C(s).
The control action is a control actuating signal
U(s)
generated by
G
1
(s)
based on the error signal:
U(s)=G
1
(s)E(s)
The controller is supposed to:1. make sure that the closed-loop transfer function
C(s)/R(s)
yield satisfiedperformance as may be specified;2.eliminate or at least reduce effect of the undesired disturbancesignal, if applicable, on the output signal
C(s)
or the error signal
E(s).
 
P-I-D
Control Actions
Classical controller action:
Proportional-Integral-Differential 
where
 p
, T 
and
are controller parameters to be designed.In general,proportional action------amplifies the error signal instantaneously;integral action --------accumulates the error effect so that even the error signal is zero, the regulation action could still last;Differential action -------predicate the future of the error signal and forwardlooking regulation.

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