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Climate Change Impacts and the Philippines

Climate Change Impacts and the Philippines

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Published by: geoecologist on Jun 04, 2010
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03/17/2014

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CRISIS OR OPPORTUNITY
Climate change impacts and the Philippines
 
CRISIS OR OPPORTUNITY:CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS
[1]
Executive Summary3
1.INTRODUCTION8
Concept of weather, climate, climate change8Causes of climate change8Purpose of Report9
2.CLIMATE CHANGE: FINDINGS, SCENARIOS AND OPTIONS10
The Climate Change 2001 Synthesis Report (IPCC-TAR, 2001)10Regional Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerabilities – Asia11Mitigation and response strategies13
3.POST TAR ACTIVITIES AND ASSESSMENTS14
Scientific basis of climate change14Extreme Climate Events16The El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Phenomena16Tropical Cyclones as Extreme Climate Events19Other extreme climate events22Climate Change Impacts: Vulnerability and Cascading Effects29Agriculture and Food Security30Hydrology and Water Resources32Human Health35Coastal Zones and Marine Ecosystems37Human Settlements40
4.CALL TO ACTION42
IPCC-TAR Projected Changes in Extreme Climate Phenomena42Grim Climate Change Scenario43International Response to Climate Change44National/Regional Response to Climate Change46Time to act50List of References52Acknowledgements56
CONTENTS
 
[2]
CRISIS OR OPPORTUNITY:CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1-1.How human activities produce greenhouse gases (GHG)9Figure 3-1.Temperature trend in the Philippines15Figure 3-2.Sea level rise at 5 primary tide stations (Philippines)15Figure 3-3.Effect of El Nino on palay, corn, coconut and sugarcane18Figure 3-4.Typhoon damage/casualties22Figure 3-5.Extreme Climate Events and GDP Philippines, 1972200023Figure 3-6.Effects of typhoons on the economy/agriculture24Figure 3-7.Incidence and severity of poverty at selected regions25Figure 3-8.Landslides and forest fires in the Philippines26Figure 3-9.Garbage-slide at Payatas, Quezon City27Figure 3-10.Boulders and other debris, landslide/flashflood at Camiguin27Figure 3-11.Aftermath of the Aurora-Infanta landslides/flashfloods 29Figure 3-12.Effect of ENSO on water resources (Angat dam, Bulacan)35Figure 3-13.Health in relation to weather/climate parameters36Figure 3-14.Impacts on Ecosystems37Figure 3-15.Population at risk due to extreme climate events41Figure 4-1.The Inter-Agency Committee on Climate Change (IACCC)47Figure 4-2.GHG Emissions Sources (Philippines, 1994)48Figure 4-3.Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions of countries50
LIST OF TABLES
Table 1.ENSO occurrences from 1950 to 200517Table 2.Most destructive, killertyphoons, 1984-200321
LIST OF BOXES
Box 1.IPCC-TAR Findings, Projections and Scenarios11Box 2.Katrina and Uring: Attribution to climate change?28Box 3.Saint Pauls Subterranean Cave and sea level rise39
[CONTENTS]

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