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Photoelectricty

Photoelectricty

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Published by: fakeusername01 on Jun 04, 2010
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06/04/2010

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Wave theory of light incorrectly predicted that:
Emission of electrons should occur at any frequency of EM wave
Emission should be take longer when waves are of alower intensity, than using high intensity waves.
Einstein’s theory of photoelectricity
Light is composed of wavepackets, or
 photons
 Energy of a photon =
hf 
 To explain photoelectricity, Einstein said that:
When light is incident on a metal surface,
oneelectron
leaves the surface and absorbs a
single photon
.
An electron can leave the metal surface if theenergy gained from a single photon exceeds thework function,
ɸ
.
Hence the maximum kinetic energy of an emitted electron:E
kmax
=
hf -
 
ɸ . OR
E
kmax
+
 
ɸ
=
hf SO, threshold frequency is:
 
Emission can take placeprovided that:E
kmax
˃ 0 OR
hf 
˃
ɸ

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