8.Related to cohesion is surface tension, a measure of how difficult it is to stretch or break the surface of a liquid.9.At interface of water and air is an ordered arrangement of water molecules,hydrogen-bonded to one another and to the water below.10.This makes the water behave as though coated with an invisible film.11.You can observe the surface tension of water by slightly overfilling a drinkingglass; the water will stand above the rim.12.In a more biological example, some animals can stand, walk or run on water without breaking the surface. Moderation of temperature1.The ability of water to stabilize temperature stems from its relatively high specificheat capacity.
The specific heat capacity of water is 4200 J
which means 4200 J of heatenergy is required to raise the temperature of 1 kg of water by 1
C .3.Therefore, water acts as a thermal buffer.4.The heat of vaporization of water is also high. The high amount of energyrequired to vaporize water has a wide range of effects.5.On a global scale, for example, it helps moderate Earth’s climate.
On organismal level, water plays an important role in homeostasis.7.Water acts like a cooling agent. When body temperature deviates from normalrange, sweat is produced to cool the body down. The heat energy produced by body can be eliminated by the evaporation of water (sweat) from the surface of skin.Insulation of bodies of water by floating ice1.Water is one of the few substances that are less dense as a solid than as a liquid.In other word, ice floats in liquid water.
C, the density of water is the greatest. Below this point, water begins toexpand and cause the density of water to become lower.3.A layer of ice on the surface of seas, lakes and ponds during winter prevents thewhole volume of water to freeze. Thus, the aquatic organisms can still survivefrom the insulation of the floating ice.