Chinese civilization originated in various regional centers both
along the Yellow River and the Yangtze River valleys in
the Neolithic era.
Chinese civilization, as described in mythology, begins
with Pangu , the creator of the universe, and a succession of legendary
sage-emperors and culture.
The first prehistoric dynasty is said to be Xia , from about the
twenty-first to the sixteenth century B.C.
About a 1,000 years later, a complex picture writing system was
developed, using forms we know of as ideograms, pictograms, and
In 1766 B.C., China's first documented dynasty began and it
become known as the Shang Dynasty (1766-1122 B.C.).
After the Shang Dynasty came the Zhou Dynasty (1122-221 B.C.),
an empire was united and use of iron was discovered.
After more than 900 years, the Chou Dynasty collapsed and the
Qin Dynasty (221-206 B.C.) arose.
When the Qin Dynasty arose, Emperor Shih Huang-ti ordered a
great wall to be built so that China would be protected from Northern
The Han Dynasty (202 BCE – 220 CE) emerged in 206 BCE, with its
founder Liu Bang proclaimed emperor in 202.
After Cao Cao reunified the North in 208 CE, his son proclaimed
the Wei dynasty in 220 CE.
Taking advantage of civil war in the Jin Dynasty, the contemporary
non-Han Chinese (Wu Hu ) ethnic groups controlled much of the country
in the early 4th century and provoked large-scale Han Chinese
migrations to south of the Chang Jiang.
Signaled by the collapse of East Jin Dynasty in 420, China entered
the era of the Southern and Northern Dynasties.
The Sui Dynasty, which managed to reunite the country in 589
after nearly four centuries of political fragmentation, played a role
more important than its length of existence would suggest.
On June 18, 618, Gaozu took the throne, and the Tang Dynasty was
established, opening a new age of prosperity and innovations in arts
The period of political disunity between the Tang and the Song,
known as the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period, lasted little
more than half a century, from 907 to 960.
In 960, the Song Dynasty (960-1279) gained power over most of
China and established its capital in Kaifeng (later known as Bianjing),
starting a period of economic prosperity, while the Khitan Liao
Dynasty ruled over Manchuria, present-day Mongolia, and parts
of Northern China.
The Jin Dynasty also took power over northern China and Kaifeng
from the Song Dynasty, which moved its capital to Hangzhou
Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, wanting to adopt the
customs of China, established the Yuan Dynasty.
The Yuan Dynasty was eventually overthrown by the Ming
Dynasty in 1368.
he Qing Dynasty (1644–1911) was founded after the defeat of
the Ming, the last Han Chinese dynasty, by the Manchus.
It is believed that the Chinese invented the compass in the 1100's,
but the world's first compass may have actually been devised even
earlier during the Han period.
The Chinese were the first to use gunpowder, yet they did not
capitalize on it's use militarily
Even things like silk, paper, and printing were first discovered by
The first seismograph was created in the second century AD,
almost 1,600 years before the Europeans.
Slavery in China was abolished in 1910.
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