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indian History

indian History

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Published by: jiten on Jun 04, 2010
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http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/History/prelims/index.htmlAnswering A Question There are a few ways of setting question on this topic:(a) a brief history of Indo-Greeks and their impact on Indian civilization.(b) History of the foreigners who came in the wake of the fall of the Roman empireand their impact on Indian civilization.(c) A question on Kushans or Kanishka.(d) Out of the southern kingdoms, the likely thins is the history of Satavahanas andtheir impact.(e) History of the significance of the Sungas and Kanvas.While attempting questions on the aforesaid topics, candidates have been facingtwo difficulties - (i) inadequate information because of not memorizing the points,and (ii) and lack of information on special aspects. The candidates must be able to correct the first failing. Regarding the second, thefollowing are the principal heads."Kanishka - hardly belongs to the history of India". The questions requires that firstof all, you should show how Kanishka cannot be regarded as a true Indian ruler. Inthe second part of the answer, you should show that it is unfair to estimate him likethat. And in the conclusion, you should maintain that there is a considerable,amount of truth in the given statement when you view history from a particularstandpoint. Regarding the first part of answer, the following are the points :-(i) his capital was located almost on the outer fringes of the Indian sub-continent,i.e.- Peshawar,(ii) his primary interest was to conquer areas in central Asia and compete with theChinese for suzerainty over that area - historical evidence shows that the wassmothered to death by his soldiers who were tired of his exploits in Central Asia andhis battles with the Chinese;(iii) Kanishka did not identify himself with India since he vaguely patronizedBuddhism and Buddhism did not stay in India as a religion of any significance;(iv) The Gandhara School of art that came into existence during his period remainedan exotic tradition but not an Indian one, since it was the tradition of Mathura schoolthat finally became the tradition of India, It is interesting to observe that a statue of Kanishka has been found in Mathura, but its head is missing.In the second part, mention the following points:--http://www.historytution.com/
http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/History/prelims/index.htmlKanishka was an electic ruler just as Harhsa. Even Akbar's Din-I-Illahi had electictraits. Aslo, it is interesting to note that some of his flowers were adherents of Vaishnavism,(i) to say that Buddhism has no place in the history of India is too narrow a view. Theinfluence of Buddhism was very wide and very varied - the Buddhist monks createdAjanta frecos, the Buddhist stupas and rock-cut chaityas influenced the later-dayHindu architecture, the Sangha and the Bhikkus of Buddhism later appeared asmutts and Sanyasis of Sankaracharya; Buddhist writers enriched Sanskrit literature,and it was Buddhism that compelled Hinduism to set its house in order.(ii) It is unfair to treat him as a foreign ruler because of Kanishka's capital beinglocated in Peshawar. During the time of Kanishka, new trade routes were openedtowards West Asia and Central Asia. Moreover, you should remember that thehappenings in Central Asia very often influenced the history of India as remarked bya writer, a good understanding of Indian history required, an understanding of thehistory of Central Asia.(iii) Kanishka's patronage of learning was in tune with the Patronage of learning byrulers of India like Samudragupta, Chandragupta II, Amoghsvarsha and manyothers. Even the very establishment of Kanishka's rule forced the Sakas to go southward which checkmated the amibitions of the Satavahanas.http://www.historytution.com/
IAS Material for History
Geographical Knowledge Of The Vedic PeriodIndus And Vedic CivilisationAsoka Foreign RelationsDecline Of The MauryasAsoka's DhammaThe splendour of the 'Dark CenturiesPost-mauryan Period (20BC - 300AD)History And Impact Of Indo-greeksSungasKushans -Answering A QuestionAndhra SatavahanasSatavahana AchievementsSatavahana AdministrationSignificance Of The SatavahanasSaka Satavahana ConflictSanskritPrakritTamilMahayana BuddhismTheistic CultsBhagvatismBhagvatism FactsSaivismSaivism Pasupata SectMore about SaivismVirasaiva or Lingayat SaivismKashmir SaivismKapala Kalamukha SectsMauryan ArtGandhara-Mathura SchoolsOther School of Mauryan PeriodGupta AgeChandragupta I & Samudragupta

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