In 1975, Ahsan was elected to thePunjab Assemblyafter Chaudhry Anwar Samma, a member representing thePakistan Peoples Party(PPP), was murdered. After his election, Ahsan wasinvited to join the cabinet and given the portfolio of information, planning and development.After the police opened fire on a rally of lawyers during thePNAdemonstrations against thealleged rigging of elections by the PPP government in 1977, Ahsan resigned as a cabinet minister in protest, and was later expelled from the PPP.
Ahsan waselected to the National Assembly as a PPP candidate in 1988, serving as Minister for Law andJustice, the Interior and Narcotics Control before winning re-election in 1990 and losing in 1993.In 1994 he was elected to theSenate of Pakistan, where he sat as Leader of the Opposition until1999. He was re-elected to the National Assembly of Pakistanas a Peoples Party candidate in the2002 General Elections.
. He also made legal history of by having defended two Prime Ministers in the court of law. Having previously fought cases indefence of Benazir Bhuttoin 2001 he took up a case in defence of former prime minister NawazSharif .During his most recent tenure as a member of the National Assembly of Pakistanhe was amember of the Standing Committee on Interior and the Standing Committee on Public Accounts.
Recently Barrister Aitzaz Ahsan and his team comprising of Shahid Saeed, Gohar Khan and Nadeem Ahmed successfully representedChief Justice of Pakistan, JusticeIftikhar MuhammadChaudhry's case in the Supreme Court of Pakistan [PLD 2007 SC 578]. They were pitted againsta team comprising of 16 senior lawyers representing the Federation in this misadventure. Thehearing was being conducted by a full court headed by Justice Khalil-ur-Rehman Ramday, andthe 13-member panel reinstated the Chief Justice declaring his suspension byPervez Musharraf regime "illegal."
Human rights activist
He is also ahuman rightsactivist and a founder and vice-president of theHuman RightsCommission of Pakistan. He has been incarcerated under arbitrary detention laws many times bymilitary and authoritarian regimes. During one such prolonged detention, he wrote The IndusSaga. Aitzaz Ahsan has been selected in the world's top 2008 intellectuals.