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Plan to Lay Pipelines for Shaping New Golden Nation

Plan to Lay Pipelines for Shaping New Golden Nation

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Published by: met140 on Jun 05, 2010
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07/08/2010

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The New Lights of Myanmar, Saturday, 5 June, 2010
 
Plan to lay pipelines for shaping new golden nationPlan to lay pipelines for shaping new golden nationPlan to lay pipelines for shaping new golden nationPlan to lay pipelines for shaping new golden nation
Byline:
 Kyaw Kyaw Hlaing
 
 A vessel laying pipelines into the sea.
 
The population of Yangon is increasing year by year. Requirement of electrical energy is also increasing in Yangon yearly. Four powerplants with the use of natural gas turbines (Ahlon, Hlawga, Thakayta and Ywama) are located around Yangon in generating about 340megawatts. The gas power plants consume about 153 million cubic feet of natural gas daily. Likewise, natural gas vehicles use about20 million cubic feet of natural gas daily. Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise under the Ministry of Energy satisfies the natural gas demandwith the use of natural gas from Yadana offshore natural gas region in addition to that of Nyaungdon and Maubin natural gas regions.The natural gas of Offshore Yadana Natural Gas Region is being sent to Yangon through 20-inch diameter pipelines from Kanbauk region of Dawei to Yangon via Myainggale. A natural gas pipeline was connected from Kanbauk to Myainggale in the year 2000 andanother 20-inch diameter pipeline from Myainggale to Yangon in 2006. As the 20-inch diameter Kanbauk-Myainggale- Yangon gas pipeline laying across Taninthayi mountain range where the insurgents maycommit destruction due to lack of travellers and the 10-yearold facility has been devoid of durability, it needs a gas pipeline tosubstitute the 20-inch diameter Kanbauk-Myainggale-Yangon gas pipeline. In accord with the guidance of the Head of In accord with the guidance of the Head of In accord with the guidance of the Head of In accord with the guidance of the Head of State who wasState who wasState who wasState who wasfarsighted the requirement, thefarsighted the requirement, thefarsighted the requirement, thefarsighted the requirement, the Ministry of Energy planned to lay a 24Ministry of Energy planned to lay a 24Ministry of Energy planned to lay a 24Ministry of Energy planned to lay a 24----inchinchinchinch diameter natural gas pipeline from Offshorediameter natural gas pipeline from Offshorediameter natural gas pipeline from Offshorediameter natural gas pipeline from Offshore Yadana Natural Yadana Natural Yadana Natural Yadana NaturalGas RegGas RegGas RegGas Region to Yangon beginningion to Yangon beginningion to Yangon beginningion to Yangon beginning the first week of 2009.the first week of 2009.the first week of 2009.the first week of 2009.Pipeline Route SurveyPipeline Route SurveyPipeline Route SurveyPipeline Route Survey
 
The 24-inch diameter natural gas pipeline would be laid on the floor of sea underwater along the 94-mile route from Offshore YadanaNatural Gas Region to Daw Nyein Village of Pyapon District. TL Geohydrographic Company of Malaysia and Myanmar citizen ownedSMART Technical Services jointly conducted the pipeline route survey from 17- 3-2009 to 5-5-2009. The engineers and skilled workersparticipated in conducting the pipeline route survey for 85 miles long and 24 inches diameter natural gas pipeline from PyaponTownship to Insein Ywama Gas Supply Station.Pipeline designing and cement coatingPipeline designing and cement coatingPipeline designing and cement coatingPipeline designing and cement coatingBased on observation about the offshore and inland pipeline route surveys, Worley Parson Company of Singapore created the pipelinedesign. The 24-inch diameter pipe to be laid at offshore is necessary to carry out cement coating for gaining designated weight andpreventing natural disasters. If the 24-inch diameter pipeline is not coated with concrete, the pipeline would rise up the sea floor dueto buoyancy. In consequence,
the pipeline may be broken automatically and crashed by ship. Bredero Shaw Company onBatam Island of Indonesia carried out the cement coating work of pipelines.Laying offshore pipelineLaying offshore pipelineLaying offshore pipelineLaying offshore pipelineThe preliminary survey work was performed during the period from 14-12-2009 and 15-1-2010 before laying thepipelines, and then offshore pipeline connection work was undertaken. Main pipeline laying vessels started the offshorepipeline connection work beginning 22-1- 2010. The concrete coated pipes were welt on board the vessel, and weldingworks were inspected with the use of X-ray and Ultra sound. The pipes were laid along the designated places of sea floorfrom the stern of the ship with the use of two main pipes laying vessels and 15 supporting ships.There was no difficult in laying pipelines near the Offshore Yadana Natural Gas Platform and at the deep sea area.However, the work was engaged with many difficulties at the entrance to the beach near Daw Nyein Village of PyaponDistrict due to shallow water at the sea and removal of fishing nets. In reality, the engineers could overcome thedifficulties successfully.Connecting inland pipelinesConnecting inland pipelinesConnecting inland pipelinesConnecting inland pipelinesThe engineers and skilled workers of Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise laid the 85.43 miles long pipeline from the pipelinecentre at Daw Nyein Village of Pyapon District to Insein Ywama Gas Supply Station through Pyapon, Dedaye,Kungyangon, Twantay Tawgyitan and Hlinethaya Township. Before the works, the training courses have been provided tothe welders for uplifting their work efficiency in 2009. As a result, a few disqualified welding connections was found alongthe pipeline with the use of X-ray and ultrasound called NDT Testing. The disqualified welding works were repaired. The24-inch diameter pipeline from the Pipeline Centre of Daw Nyein Village of Pyapon District to Insein Ywama Gas SupplyStation was laid under at seven places for eight times—Hline River three times and Panhlaing River and Twantay Canal,Toe River, Pyapon River, Dedalu River and Myogon Creek with the use of water the Horizontal Directional Drillingmachine.Myanma Oil and gase Enterprise bought HDD machine before 20-inch pipeline was laid down between Myainggalae and Yangon in 2006. Before this, pipeline was first laid down into water to dig through creek or river, so pipeline often brokeand leak. To dig a hole beneath river bed to link the two banks, pilot hole is first dug from one bank with HDD machineas shown in figure 1. After the pilot hole is dug, the hole is extended with reamer that is a little bit larger than diameterof pipeline to be connected (Shown in figure 2).
 
 When the reamer reaches the opposite bank, the pipeline to be floored beneath the river bank is hung at the top of thereamer and pull it back with HDD machine as shown in figure 3. By this way, pipeline is laid down beneath the river floor.In this project, 3516 feet was dug to link the two banks of Toe River and it was noted the longest drilling of the project.Engineers and skilled staff of of Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise accomplished the task of laying down 24-inch diameterpipeline beneath Myogin Creej (1901 feet), also the last drilling work, on 1 April, 2010. Engineers and skilled staff of Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise used vehicles and machinery described below in laying down 85.43 miles of pipelinesfrom Pipeline Center in Daw Nyein Village, Pyapon District to Insein Ywama Gas Distribution Station.

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