likewise prescribed in the Servite Constituion. After SaintBenedict required appropriate dress while sleeping, thescapular became required for Benedictines, and appears tohave become a portion of the night clothing of all monks.
Third Order Use
In the early Middle Ages, many lay people had already joinedthe Benedictine Order as oblates, and often received the entiremonastic habit which they wore either constantly, or at leastduring Divine Service. It was a great grace and privilege to dieand/or be buried in the monastic habit, which was frequentlygiven to the dying or placed on the deceased before burial.The 1891 and 1904 statutes of the Benedictine Oblates statesthat "Oblates may be buried in the black habit of the order,with scapular and girdle, wherever the conditions allow thefulfilment of this pious wish". By the Decree of the SacredCongregation of Bishops and Regulars in 1616, the Bizzochewho lived in the houses of relatives could wear the tertiaryhabit, but without veil, pectorale, and scapular. Later, thewearing of the special habit of an order became unusual, andconstantly wearing one was regarded as a privilege.Gradually the most distinctive article of the monastic habit, thescapular, was given in an ever smaller form. Eventually thethird orders for the laity, such as those of the Franciscans,Servites and Dominicans, began to wear as their special badgeand habit a "large" scapular, consisting essentially of twosegments of woollen cloth (about 4.5 by 2.5 inches, althoughno particular length or breadth is prescribed) connected witheach other by two strings or bands. The best known scapular isthat of the Third Order of Saint Francis, or, as it is simplycalled, the
Scapular of Saint Francis
; it is brown, grey, or black in colour and generally has on one of the woollensegments the image of Saint Francis and on the other that of the little church of Portiuncula. For these large scapulars, thesame general rules hold good as described in detail below inthe case of the small scapulars. It is especially necessary that persons who desire to share in the indulgences and privilegesof the third orders shall wear the scapulars constantly.
Entries on the Scapular 3Saints.SQPN.co