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John Tyler

John Tyler

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Published by FactPalooza

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Published by: FactPalooza on Jun 05, 2010
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11/08/2010

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 John Tyler
 John Tyler, Jr. (March 29, 1790 – January 18, 1862) wasthetenth President of the United States(1841–1845) and the first tosucceedto the office following the death of a predecessor.
A longtimeDemocratic-Republican, Tyler was nonetheless electedVice Presidenton theWhigticket.
Upon the death of PresidentWilliam Henry Harrisonon April 4, 1841,only a month after hisinauguration, the nation was briefly in a state of confusion regarding theprocess of succession.
Ultimately the situation was settled with Tyler becoming President bothin name and in fact.
 Tyler took theoath of officeon April 6, 1841, setting a precedent thatwould govern future successions and eventually be codified inthe Twenty-fifth Amendment.
Once he became president, he stood against his party's platform andvetoed several of their proposals.
In result, most of his cabinet resigned and the Whigs expelled him fromtheir party.
Arguably the most famous and significant achievement of Tyler'sadministration was theannexation of the Republic of Texasin 1845.
 Tyler was the first president born after the adoption of theU.S.Constitution, the only president to have held the office of President protempore of the Senate, and the only former president elected to officein the government of theConfederacyduring theCivil War(though he died before he assumed said office).
 John Tyler was born on March 29, 1790 inCharles City County,Virginia(the same county where William Henry Harrison was born).
 Tyler's father was John Tyler, Sr., and his mother was Mary Armistead Tyler.
 Tyler was raised, along with seven siblings, to be a part of the region'selite gentry, receiving a very good education.
 Tyler was brought up believing that theConstitution of the UnitedStateswas to be strictly interpreted, and reportedly never lost thisconviction.
While Tyler was growing up, Tyler Sr., a friend of  Thomas Jefferson,owned a tobacco plantation of over 1,000 acres (4 km
2
) served bydozens of slaves, and worked as a judge at the U.S. Circuit CourtatRichmond, Virginia; Tyler Sr.'s advocacy of states' rights maintainedhis power.

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