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Zachary Taylor

Zachary Taylor

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Published by: FactPalooza on Jun 05, 2010
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Zachary Taylor
Zachary Taylor (November 24, 1784 – July 9, 1850) wasthe12th President of the United Statesand anAmerican military leader.
Initially uninterested in politics, Taylor nonetheless ran as aWhiginthe1848 presidential election, defeatingLewis Cassand becoming the first President never to have held any previous elected office.
 Taylor was the last President tohold slaveswhile in office and the lastWhig to win a presidential election.
Known as "Old Rough and Ready," Taylor had a forty-year militarycareer in theUnited States Army, serving in theWar of 1812, theBlack Hawk War, and theSecond Seminole War.
He achieved fame leading American troops to victory in theBattle of Palo Altoand theBattle of Monterreyduring theMexican–American War.
As president, Taylor angered many Southerners by taking a moderatestance on the issue of slavery.
He urged settlers inNew MexicoandCaliforniato bypass the territorial stage and draftconstitutionsforstatehood, setting the stage for theCompromise of 1850.
 Taylor is thought to have died of gastroenteritisjust 16 months into histerm, the third shortest tenure of any President.
Only PresidentsWilliam Henry Harrisonand James Garfieldserved less time.
 Taylor was succeeded by hisVice President,Millard Fillmore.
Zachary Taylor was born on a farm on November 24, 1784, inOrangeCounty, Virginia, to a prominent
 
family of planters.
He was the youngest of three sons in a family of nine children.
His father,Richard Taylor, had served withGeorge Washingtonduring theAmerican Revolution.
 Taylor was a descendant of ElderWilliam Brewster,the Pilgrim colonistleader and spiritual elder of thePlymouth Colony, and passengeraboard theMayflowerand one of the signers of theMayflower Compact;Isaac Allerton Jr. ,the son of Mayflower Pilgrim Isaac AllertonandFear Brewster.
He was a 1650 graduate of Harvard Collegeand was a merchantinColonial America; first in business with his father inNew England, and after his father's death, in Virginia. He wasaBurgessforNorthumberland Countyand a
of Virginia.

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