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Chapter Lotus admin

Chapter Lotus admin

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Published by Ravi Yalala

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Published by: Ravi Yalala on Jun 06, 2008
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Chapter 1Deploying Domino
This chapter outlines the steps required to deploy IBM® Lotus®Domino™ 6 successfullyand introduces important concepts that youneed to know before you install Dominoservers.
Guidepost for deploying Domino
Whether you’re setting up IBM Lotus Domino 6 and IBM Lotus Notes® 6for the first timeor adding to an established Domino environment,planning is vital. Along withdetermining your company’s needs, you need to plan how to integrate Domino into yourexisting network. Afterplanning is complete, you can begin to install and set up Dominoservers and the Domino Administrator and build the Domino environment. Thefollowing list describes, in order, the process to use to deploy Domino.
Determine your company’s server needs. Decide where to locate each serverphysically, taking into consideration local and wide-area networks and the function of each server.
Develop a hierarchical name scheme that includes organization andorganizational unit names.
Decide whether you need more than one Domino domain.
Understand how server name format affects network name-to-address resolution forservers. Ensure that the DNS records for your company are the correct type for theserver names.
Determine which server services to enable.
Determine which certificate authority — Domino server-based certification authority,Domino 5 certificate authority, third-party — to use.
Install and set up the first Domino server.
Install and set up the Domino Administrator on the administrator’s machine.
Complete network-related server setup.
If the Domino server is offering Internet services, set up Internet site documents.There are some instances where Internet Site documents are required.
Specify Administration Preferences.
Create additional certifier IDs to support the hierarchical name scheme.
Set up recovery information for the certifier IDs.
Add the administrator’s ID to the recovery information for the certifier IDs and thendistribute the certifier IDs, as necessary, to other administrators.
Register additional servers.
If you did not choose to do so during first server setup, Create a group in theDomino Directory for all administrators, and give this group Manager access to alldatabases on the first server.
Install and set up additional servers.
Complete network-related server setup for each additional server.
Build the Domino environment.
Functions of Domino servers
Before you install and set up the first Domino server, consider the function and physicallocation of the servers that your company needs and determine how to connect theservers to each other. The current configuration of local and wide-area networks affectsmany of these decisions. Consider your company’s need for:
Servers that provide Notes and/or browser users with access to applications
Hub servers that handle communication between servers that are geographicallydistant
Web servers that provide browser users with access to Web applications
Servers that manage messaging services
Directory servers that provide users and servers with information about how tocommunicate with other users and servers
Passthru servers that provide users and servers with access to a single serverthat provides access to other servers
Domain Search servers that provide users with the ability to perform searchesacross all servers in a Domino domain
Clustered servers that provide users with constant access to data and provideload-balancing and failover
Partitioned servers that run multiple instances of the Domino server on a singlecomputer
Firewall servers that provide Notes users with access to internal Domino services
 and protect internal servers from outside users
xSP servers that provide users with Internet access to a specific set of Domino
 applications Your decisions help determine which types of Domino servers yourrequire. When you install each server, you must select one of thefollowing installation options:
Domino Utility Server Installs a Domino server that provides application
 services only, with support for Domino clusters. The Domino Utility Server is anew installation type for Lotus Domino 6that removes client access license requirements. Note that it does NOT include supportfor messaging services. See full licensing text for details.
Domino Messaging Server — Installs a Domino server that provides messagingservices. Note that it does NOT include support for application services or Dominoclusters.
Domino Enterprise Server Installs a Domino server that provides both
 messaging and application services, with support for Domino clusters.Note All three types of installations support Domino partitioned servers. Only the DominoEnterprise Server supports a service provider (xSP) environment. Hierarchical namingfor servers and users Hierarchical naming is the cornerstone of Domino security;therefore planning it is a critical task. Hierarchical names provide uniqueidentifiers for servers and users in a company. When you register new servers and users,the hierarchical names drive their certification, or their level of access to the system, andcontrol whether users and servers in different organizations and organizational units cancommunicate with each another. Before you install Domino servers, create a diagram of your company and use the diagram to plan a meaningful name scheme. Then createcertifier IDs to implement the name scheme and ensure a secure system.A hierarchical name scheme uses a tree structure that reflects the actual structure of acompany. At the top of the tree is the organization name, which is usually the companyname. Below the organization name are organizational units, which you create to suitthe structure of the company; you can organize the structure geographically,departmentally, or both. For example, the Acme company created this diagram for theirserversLooking at Acme’s diagram, you can see where they located their servers in the tree.Acme decided to split the company geographically at the first level and create certifierIDs for the East and West organizational units. At the next level down, Acme made itsdivision according to department. For more information on certifier IDs, see the topic “Certifier IDs and certificates” in this chapter. Components of a hierarchical name Ahierarchical name reflects a user’s or server’s place in the hierarchy and controlswhether users and servers in different organizations and
organizational units can communicate with each another. A hierarchical name mayinclude these components:
Common name (CN) — Corresponds to a user’s name or a server’s name. All
 names must include a common name component.
Organizational unit (OU) — Identifies the location of the user or server in the
 organization. Domino allows for a maximum of four organizational units in ahierarchical name. Organizational units are optional.
Organization (O) — Identifies the organization to which a user or server belongs.
 Every name must include an organization component.
Country (C) —Identifies the country in which the organization exists. The countryis optional. An example of a hierarchical name that uses all of the components is:Julia Herlihy/Sales/East/Acme/US Typically a name is entered and displayed in thisabbreviated format, but it is stored internally in canonical format, which contains thename and its associated components, as shown below:CN=Julia Herlihy/OU=Sales/OU=East/O=Acme/C=US.Note You can use hierarchical naming with wildcards as a way to isolate a group of servers that need to connect to a given Domino server in order to route mail.For more information, see the chapter “Setting Up Mail Routing.” Domino domainsA Domino domain is a group of Domino servers that share the same Domino Directory.As the control and administration center for Domino servers in a domain, the DominoDirectory contains, among otherdocuments, a Server document for each server and a Person document for each Notesuser. Planning for Domino domainsThere are four basic scenarios for setting up Domino domains. The first scenario, whichmany small- and medium-size companies use, involves creating only one Dominodomain and registering all servers and users in one Domino Directory. This scenario isthe most common and the easiest to manage.The second scenario is common when a large company has multiple independentbusiness units. In this case, one organization spread across multiple domains may be thebest scenario. Then all servers and users are members of the same organization, andeach business unit administers its own Domino Directory.A third scenario is common when multiple companies work closely together yet want toretain individual corporate identities. Then one domain and multiple organizations maywork best. Finally, the fourth scenario involves maintaining multiple domains andmultiple organizations. This scenario often occurs when one company acquires another.Sometimes the decision to create multiple Domino domains is not based onorganizational structure at all. For example, you may want to create multiple Dominodomains if you have slow or unreliable network connections that prohibit frequentreplication of a single, large directory. Keep in mind that working with multiple domainsrequires additional administrative work and requires you to set up a system formanaging them. Domains can be used as a broad security measure. For example, youcan grant or deny a user access to servers and databases, based on the domain in whichthe user is registered. Using an extended ACL is an alternative to creating multipledomains, because you can use the extended ACL to specify different levels of access to asingle Domino Directory, based on organization name hierarchy. Using Domino serverpartitioning, you can run multiple instances of the Domino server on a single computer.By doing so, you reduce hardware expenses and minimize the number of computers toadminister because, instead of purchasing multiple small computers to run Dominoservers that might not take advantage of the resources available to them, you canpurchase a single, more powerful computer and run multiple instances of the Dominoserver on that single machine. On a Domino partitioned server, all partitions share the

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