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Sreng Sopheap_GDS_Thesis_ICTs and Floods Management

Sreng Sopheap_GDS_Thesis_ICTs and Floods Management

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Published by: Sreng Sopheap on Jun 06, 2010
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10/27/2011

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ICTS IN FLOOD VULNERABILITY MITIGATION AND ITSIMPACTS ON RURAL LIVELIHOODS: GENDER AND ETHNICITYDIMENSIONS IN RATANAKIRI PROVINCE,
CAMBODIA
 bySreng SopheapA thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for thedegree of Master of Science inGender and Development Studies
 
Examination Committee: Dr. Bernadette P. Resurreccion (Chairperson)Dr. Philippe Doneys (Member)Dr. Paul Janecek (Member)Nationality: CambodianPrevious Degree: Bachelor of Business Administration,Business Management,University of Cambodia, CambodiaScholarship Donor: Government of JapanAsian Institute of TechnologySchool of Environment, Resources and DevelopmentThailandMay 2010
 
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Acknowledgement
I would like to extend my greatest gratitude to Dr. Bernadette P. Resurreccion for herexcellent supervision and comments on my thesis proposal, thesis writing and structure aswell as her great support as an academic advisor. My course works, thesis proposalinterests, fieldwork, progress review and writing up the finding/revision would not havebeen successful without her encouragement, guidance and advises. I have owed a greatdebt to her both in academic and career.I am very grateful to Dr. Philippe Doneys who initially decided to make two calls fromAIT to discuss about possible research proposal which in eventually lead me to receive afull scholarship. His constructive comments on my ICTs and livelihoods contributedgreatly to a deeper of my understanding and in making the thesis more interlinked. Hisinputs during the course works, fieldworks and progress defence have been tremendouslyadded into my thesis.I must also acknowledge and sincerely appreciation extends to Dr. Paul Janecek who hassupported and agreed to join as my thesis examination committee member even within ashort notice. His overall comments and inputs further on the ICTs aspects open up mywider attention on the ICTs and its roles in regarding to ICTs and early warning as well aspublic awareness.My special and deepest inspiration has been derived from my dear beloved wife; Phok Sokuntheary, who continues to empower and makes me believe that I can lead my way toAIT and build up the future even though my past life had been so devastating. Myacknowledgement extends to my parents and parents in law who have always been therefor me when I needed support during my field works and thesis revisions. My sincerethanks extend to Ms. Agnes T. Pardilla for her great administrative support of my GDSstudies, my Project Manager Ms. Kathlyn Kissy H. Sumaylo with InternationalOrganization for Migration who contributed on the thesis topic and her kind permission forme to take leave for the final defense. Friends, senior GDS students, classmates’motivation and their friendliness have always made my GDS course works, AIT life andthesis writing an unforgettable experience. I am grateful for AIT and Korean Scholarshipfor enabling me to continue Master’s Degree, fulfilling my dreams and ease the burden of the financial matter.Last but not least, I owe great debt to the research respondents; female and male Laotianand Tompoun communities, village chiefs, commune councils, my field assistants (VatSoveng and his wife) and related provincial line agencies, 3SPN, Ockenden-Cambodia andCambodian Mekong River Committees who have shared great amount of time and inputsfrom their busy schedules. This research is dedicated to all of them who inspired me tomove forwards during the flood, difficult road where the research team fell off the motorbikes, crashed into the water while crossing the bridge and river; yet these are notcomparable to what the challenges respondents have faced as research team exploreddeeper. Without of all participations, the research would not have been possible.
 
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Abstract
The research investigated how floods have an impact on rural livelihoods of Tompoun andLaotian communities along the Sesan River and the uses of communication strategies forearly warning of flooding, during flood interventions and post flood recoveries. Two formsof communication strategies are discussed; ICTs-based and non-ICTs based.The research further found access to ICTs in early flood warning is not just male canteredbut authoritative in nature. The overall constraints leading to little use of ICTs are notsocial factors alone but the combination of infrastructure, economic constraints, ruralenergy consumptions, and the meanings behind having such ICTs. Yet, it cannot be deniedthat ICTs did play a critical role in enhancing flood preparedness. This is especially truewhen ICTs was combined with non-ICT tools/actors.The research argued that the access to and control of ICTs/non-ICTs has reinforced themale breadwinner model. This study also found ICTs used after flood has facilitated thelivelihood recoveries and post flood facilitation. The research emphasized that further ICTspolicies and gender approaches related to flood management should be enhanced. Theresearch calls for not ignoring the use of ICTs because the alternative may furthermarginalize the facilitation of public awareness using ICTs for preparedness, evacuationand flood recovery

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