started and many leaders left AITUC and formed the National Trade UnionFederation (NTUF).After Independence there was rapid growth in trade unions dueto support from both the government and society at large. The Congressparty formed the Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) in 1947. ThePraja Socialist Party formed Hind Mazdoor Sabha in 1948. Meanwhile,Communist Party of India took over the control of AITUC. With theproliferation of the political parties, the trade unions also proliferated.Presently the more active central trade unions are:
National Trade Union Federation (NTUF)
Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) (Congress)
All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) (Communist Party of India, CPI)
Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU) (CPI-M)
Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (BMS) (BJP)
Factors which contributed to the growth of TradeUnions in India
According to Giri, the following factors helped the growth of Trade Unions inIndia: -
World War I:
Though the labour movement began in India about acentury ago, it was only from the end of the First World War (1914-1918) that it gathered momentum. Giri pointed out that both economicand political conditions alike had contributed to the new awakening.Prices had shot up during the War and there had been nocorresponding increase in the wages though the employers hadamassed huge profits. These conditions led to the formation of a largenumber of Trade Unions throughout the country.
Influence of political leaders:
The early stage of the developmentof trade union movement in India owes a lot to the contributions of some political leaders, social reformers and philanthropists. The massmovement started by Lokmanya Tilak, Annie Besant and later byMahatma Gandhi, caused ripples in the trade union movement.