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Badminton

Badminton

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Published by Jnanadarshan Nayak

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Published by: Jnanadarshan Nayak on Jun 07, 2010
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10/12/2010

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Badminton
The Danish Olympic badminton player Peter Gade.
Badminton
is aracquet sportplayed by either two opposing players (singles) or two opposingpairs (doubles), who take positions on opposite halves of a rectangular court that is divided by anet. Players score points by striking ashuttlecock with their racquet so that it passes over the netand lands in their opponents' half of the court. A rally ends once the shuttlecock has struck theground, and the shuttlecock may only be struck once by each side before it passes over the net.The shuttlecock is a feathered projectile whose unique aerodynamic properties cause it to flydifferently from the balls used in most racquet sports; in particular, the feathers create muchhigherdrag, causing the shuttlecock to decelerate more rapidly than a ball. Because shuttlecock flight is strongly affected by wind, competitive badminton is always played indoors. Badmintonis also played outdoors as a casual recreational activity, often as a garden or beach game.Since 1992, badminton is anOlympic sportwith fiveevents: men's and women's singles, men's and women's doubles, and mixed doubles, in which each pair is a man and a woman. At highlevels of play, the sport demands excellent fitness: players require aerobic stamina, agility,strength, speed, and precision. It is also a technical sport, requiring goodmotor coordinationandthe development of sophisticated racquet skills.
 
 History and development
 Battledore and Shuttlecock 
.
1854, from the John LeechArchive
 Badminton was known in ancient times; an early form of the sport was played inancient Greece andEgypt. In Japan, the related gameHanetsukiwas played as early as the 16th century. In the west, badminton came from a game calledbattledore and shuttlecock , in which two or moreplayers keep a feathered shuttlecock in the air with small racquets. The game was called "Poona"inIndiaduring the 18th century, andBritish Armyofficers stationed there took a competitive Indian version back toEnglandin the 1860s, where it was played at country houses as an upperclass amusement.Isaac Spratt, a London toy dealer, published a booklet, "
 Badminton Battledore- a new game
" in 1860, but unfortunately no copy has survived.The new sport was definitively launched in 1873 at theBadminton House,Gloucestershire, owned by theDuke of Beaufort. During that time, the game was referred to as "The Game of Badminton," and, the game's official name became Badminton.Until 1887 the sport was played in England under the rules that prevailed in India. The BathBadminton Club standardized the rules and made the game applicable to English ideas. The basicregulations were drawn up in 1887. In 1893, the Badminton Association of England publishedthe first set of rules according to these regulations, similar to today's rules, and officially
 
launched badminton in a house called "Dunbar" at 6 Waverley Grove,Portsmouth, England onSeptember 13of that year. They also started theAll England Open Badminton Championships, the first badminton competition in the world, in 1899.The International Badminton Federation (IBF) (now known asBadminton World Federation)was established in 1934 withCanada,Denmark , England,France, theNetherlands,Ireland,New Zealand,Scotland, andWalesas its founding members. India joined as an affiliate in 1936. The BWF now governs international badminton and develops the sport globally.While originated in England, international badminton has traditionally been dominated by a fewAsian countries, plus Denmark from Europe.China,Indonesia,South KoreaandMalaysiaare among the nations that have consistently produced world-class players in the past few decadesand dominated competitions on the international level, with China being the most dominant inrecent years.
Laws of the game
The following information is a simplified summary of the Laws, not a complete reproduction.The definitive source of the Laws is the IBF Laws publication although the digital distribution of the Laws contains poor reproductions of the diagrams.
Playing court dimensions
Badminton court, isometric viewThe court is rectangular and divided into halves by a net. Courts are almost always marked forboth singles and doubles play, although the laws permit a court to be marked for singles only.The doubles court is wider than the singles court, but both are the same length. The exception,which often causes confusion to newer players is the doubles court has a shorter serve-lengthdimension.The full width of the court is 6.1 metres (20 ft), and in singles this width is reduced to 5.18metres (17 ft). The full length of the court is 13.4 metres (44 ft). The service courts are marked

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