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Woodworking plans - Edge Treatments

Woodworking plans - Edge Treatments

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Published by Bob Kowalski

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Published by: Bob Kowalski on Jun 07, 2010
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01/17/2013

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Shaping aBoard’s Face
SECTION7 OVERVIEW
132
Edge Treatments
Shaped Edge witha Handheld Router(p. 136)
Shaped Edgeon the Router Table(p. 136)
Chamfer with aBlock Plane (p. 137)
A “Worn” TableEdge (p. 137)
Entire Edge Shapedon the Shaper(p. 138)
Entire Edge of aCurved Shape onthe Router (p. 139)
Entire Edge of aCurved Shape onthe Shaper (p. 140)
Shaping a LippedDoor Edge (p. 141)
Face of a BoardShaped on theShaper (p. 142)
Simple ShapedEdgeShaping anEntire EdgeLipped Door Edge
Dished Tabletop(p. 143)
Dished Tabletop
 
SECTION7 OVERVIEW
W
hen the edge of a tabletopor drawer front
is shaped,itcreates the same visual effects asa strip molding.But shaping an edge yieldsadditional benefits;the square corners areremoved,the resulting edges are softer to thetouch,and the problems of wood movementassociated with applied moldings are nonex-istent,because the edge is part of the origi-nal stock.Undoubtedly,the simplest edge treatmentfor tabletops is the roundover.By shaping asmall radius on the edges,you remove thehard look and feel of the corner.The effectimproves with age as the surfaces wearunevenly,creating a worn look.To create theworn look artificially,you can work therounded surfaces with a file.Another attractive table edge is thereverse ogee.The concave-convex profilecreates an edge that appears thin and deli-cate.When designing an ogee edge,you canalter the effect by changing the center-pointlocations.The possibilities for edge treat-ments are broad,because router bits andshaper cutters are available in a wide varietyof profiles.The edges of doors and drawers can alsobenefit from simple treatments.Adding abead is a great way to frame the perimeter of flush-fitting doors and drawers.If a veneer isused on the faces,the bead will protect thefragile edges from chipping.You can add thebead after veneering;just cut a shallow rab-bet around the drawer perimeter and miter athin beaded strip.You can also bead the edges of drawerfronts made from solid stock.The bead canbe shaped into the front with a plane,router,or scratch stock.If you choose to shape abead on the ends and edges,you’ll need tomiter the corners with a chisel.
133
AstragalEasedOgeeChamferSoft, worn edge
TABLE EDGES
Face frameDoorHingeThumbnailDouble doorsExpansion gap
1
 / 
4
in.
7
 / 
8
in.
LIPPED DOORS WITHTHUMBNAIL PROFILE
 
Double Doors
Edge Treatments
See
“Basic Molding Profiles” 
on p.155.
 
Edge Treatments
134
Almost any profile can be used on doorand drawer edges.One popular and tradi-tional profile is the thumbnail.Its mostcommonly used with lipped doors anddrawers.A rabbet is cut around the insideperimeter,and the door or drawer front is fitwithin the opening.The lip that remains isshaped with a thumbnail profile.The resultis a door or drawer that covers the opening,yet the edge is thin and refined.
Shaping the Entire Edge
The most efficient tools for shaping edgesare the router table and shaper.Doors,drawers,and smaller tabletops are easy tohandle when feeding through the machines.But large,awkward work is easier to shapewith a handheld router.When shaping the edges of round orcurved tabletops you’ll need to use a bit orcutter with a bearing to guide the cut.If theedge is partially shaped,the bearing can fol-low the remaining portion of the edge.However,if the entire edge is shaped,you’llneed to make a template to guide the cut.
Dished Tops
Still another form of molded edge treat-ments is the dished top.The surface of thetop is recessed,and the raised rim is molded.If the top is rectilinear,its simple to add astrip of molding to the edge and miter thecorners.But if the top is round,the moldingand top are easier to shape as one piece.Dished tops were popular on eighteenth-century tea tables and candle stands.Thetraditional method used is to turn the top on
The thumbnailprofile is an attrac-tive finish for theedges of doors,drawer fronts, andtabletops.
1
 / 
4
in.
1
 / 
4
in.
3
 / 
16
in. radius
7
 / 
8
in.
LIPPED THUMBNAILEDGE FOR DOORSAND DRAWERS
When shaping anedge, a bearingor rub collar rideson the remainingportion of the edgeto guide the cutter.
See
“Template Shaping” 
on p.117.
SECTION7OVERVIEW

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