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Woodworking plans - Simple Federal Mantel

Woodworking plans - Simple Federal Mantel

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Published by Bob Kowalski
Simple Federal Mantel
houses in the early 19th century. Almost always made of wood and painted, the style was taken directly from classical architecture and imitated the design of basic shelter: columns supporting a beam and roof. The simple moldings and joinery indicate that it could have been built by a local carpenter instead of by a furniture joiner. But its simplicity doesn’t diminish its appeal in any way. The mantel’s flat relief and plain treatment perfectly frame the Federal-period hea
Simple Federal Mantel
houses in the early 19th century. Almost always made of wood and painted, the style was taken directly from classical architecture and imitated the design of basic shelter: columns supporting a beam and roof. The simple moldings and joinery indicate that it could have been built by a local carpenter instead of by a furniture joiner. But its simplicity doesn’t diminish its appeal in any way. The mantel’s flat relief and plain treatment perfectly frame the Federal-period hea

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Published by: Bob Kowalski on Jun 07, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/24/2012

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T
his mantel is typical of thosefound in many rural farm-houses in the early 19th century.Almost always made of wood andpainted, the style was taken directlyfrom classical architecture and imitatedthe design of basic shelter: columnssupporting a beam and roof. The simplemoldings and joinery indicate that itcould have been built by a local carpen-ter instead of by a furniture joiner. Butits simplicity doesn’t diminish its appealin any way. The mantel’s flat relief andplain treatment perfectly frame theFederal-period hearth opening and pro-vide a focal point for the display of family possessions and a backdrop forsocial gatherings and important events.The mantel’s design shows elegant pro-portion, restraint, and balance. And thesimple moldings cast bold shadows thathighlight its timeless appeal.The federal mantel is structurallystraightforward and can easily be builtin a weekend. Three boards joinedtogether with biscuits form the founda-tion, which is fastened to the wall.Plinth blocks (doubled-up 1-by stock)support the plain vertical pilasters,which support the horizontal archi-trave. Add a few moldings and themantel shelf, and you’re ready to paint.
Simple FederalMantel
5 1
 
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S
IMPLE
F
EDERAL
M
ANTEL
Simple Federal Mantel
PROVING THAT SIMPLICITY DOESN’T PRECLUDE ELEGANCE, this mantel design is anchored by ideal propor-tions and perfect symmetry with the brick firebox opening it adorns. Built with readily available materials andmoldings, it’s easy to build as well.
52"
3
 ⁄ 
4
"79"
3
 ⁄ 
4
x
3
 ⁄ 
4
" cove molding11
1
 ⁄ 
2
"71"1"8"12"11
1
 ⁄ 
2
"31
1
 ⁄ 
2
"7
1
 ⁄ 
4
"pilaster9" plinthFoundation boards31"Firebox openingArchitrave
3
 ⁄ 
4
" x 5
1
 ⁄ 
4
" mantel shelf42"
3
 ⁄ 
4
" x 1
1
 ⁄ 
4
"side cap
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