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Published by Adnan Mohammad

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Published by: Adnan Mohammad on Jun 07, 2010
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SAP Modules Defined
What is SAP?
SAP was founded in 1972 as System analyse und Programmentwicklung by fiveformer IBM engineers in Mannheim, Germany (Dietmar Hopp, Hans-WernerHector, Hasso Plattner, Klaus Tschira, and Claus Wellenreuther). The acronymwas later changed to stand for Systeme, Anwendungen und Produkte in derDatenverarbeitung ("Systems, Applications and Products in Data Processing").In 1976 "SAP GmbH" was founded and the following year it moved headquartersto Walldorf. SAP AG became the company's official name after the 2005 annualgeneral meeting. SAP is the largest business application and Enterprise ResourcePlanning (ERP) solution vendor and one of the biggest software provider in termsof revenue in the world. SAP's products focus on Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), which it helped topioneer. The company's main product is mySAP ERP. The name of itspredecessor, SAP R/3 gives a clue to its functionality: the "R" stands for realtimedata processing and the number 3 relates to a 3-tier architecture: database,application server and client (SAPgui). R/2, which ran on a Mainframearchitecture, was the first SAP version. Other major product offerings include Advanced Planner and Optimizer (APO),Business Information Warehouse (BW), Customer Relationship Management(CRM), Supply Chain Management (SCM), Supplier Relationship Management(SRM), Human Resource Management Systems (HRMS), Product LifecycleManagement (PLM), Exchange Infrastructure (XI), Enterprise Portal (EP) and SAPKnowledge Warehouse (KW). The APO name has been retired and rolled intoSCM. The BW name (Business Warehousing) has now been rolled into the SAPNetWeaver BI (Business Intelligence) suite and functions as the reportingmodule. The company also offers a new technology platform, named SAP NetWeaverwhich replaces SAP Business Connector for Integration/middleware capabilitiesand offers a systematic approach to Enterprise SOA solutions with a collection of products. While its original products are typically used by Fortune 500 companies,SAP is now also actively targeting small and medium sized enterprises (SME) withits SAP Business One and SAP All-in-One. SAP officials say there are over 100,600 SAP installations serving more than38,000 companies in more than 120 countries, which are used by more than 12million people in more than 120 countries. SAP holds a partnership with Hewlett-Packard. This partnership will expandaround new services linked to NetWeaver and Enterprise SOA (service-orientedarchitecture). The software infrastructure for business applications developed bySAP is to be upgraded by Hewlett-Packard. One of the services to be upgraded isthe Discovery System which was launched by SAP earlier this year. Among otherservices there are assessment, government and architecture for R3.
SAP Modules Defined
An introduction to SAP R/3
SAP R/3 is a standard business application software system that integrates allbusiness processes and systems into one seamless and efficient framework. SAP's R/3 is the world's most-used standard business software for client/servercomputingSAP R/3 is scalable and highly suited for many types and sizes of organizations.The software is highly customizable. SAP’s development language is ABAP andcan be programmed across different platforms i.e. UNIX and Windows.SAP R/3 is arranged into distinct functional modules, covering the typicalfunctions in place in an organization. The most widely used modules areFinancials and Controlling (FICO), Human Resources (HR), Materials Management(MM), Sales & Distribution (SD), Production Planning (PP) 
- This is when the system is configured to meet the needs of thebusiness by using existing data.
- This is when the system is customised or adapted to meet thebusiness requirements which is the process of mapping SAP into the clientsbusiness process. 
Functional Consultant 
- A functional FICO consultant evaluates the customerrequirements, works with business models to transform them into logical andtechnical views. The functional consultant then customises/configures therespective business area and makes sure the system works well in line with therequirements. Functional consultants also prepare proper guidelines that allowother consultants to do further changes.
Technical Consultant 
(ABAPER, Programmer, developer)- SAP FICO Technicalconsultant may be an ABAPER, who has lack of knowledge of FICO configurationand functional knowledge and is better suited for technical jobs e.g. reportsdevelopment, testing, debugging, coding.
- 1st and 2nd line support, fielding calls and resolving issues andrequests.
ABAP/4 Programming Language
 ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming) ABAP is a high levelprogramming language created specifically by SAP. Released in 1992. In 1999SAP released an object-orientated extension to ABAP called ABAP objects alongwith R/3 release 4.5, SAP’s most recent development platform, Net weaver,supports both ABAP and Java.
Main ABAP tools for an ABAPER:
 Reports (Classical, Interactive and ALV Reports)Module pool programmingBDC's (session method, call transaction method)
SAP Modules Defined
SAP ScriptLSMWSMART FORMSBAPI/RFCBusiness Add-Ins (BaDI)User ExitsData Dictionary
Core modules in SAP
 FI CO (Finance and Controlling)SD (Sales and distribution)MM (Material Management) PP (Production Planning) HR (Human Resources)
SAP FI/COFI - Finance.
Designed for automated management and external reporting of general ledger, accounts receivable and accounts payable and other sub ledgeraccounts with a user defined chart of accounts. 
CO - Controlling.
Represents the company's flow of cost and revenue. It is amanagement instrument for organizational decisions. It too is automaticallyupdated as events occur. 
Finance submodules
 FI-AA: Asset AccountingFI-AR: Accounts ReceivableFI-AP: Accounts PayableFI-BL: Bank AccountingFI-GL: General LedgerFI-LC: ConsolidationFI-SL: Special Purpose LedgerFI-FM: Funds ManagementFI-TR: Treasury 
Controlling submodules
 CO-PA: Profitable analysisCO-OM: Overhead Costing (cost centers, Activity based costing, internal OrderCosting)CO-PC: Product cost controlling 

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