SAP Modules Defined
An introduction to SAP R/3
SAP R/3 is a standard business application software system that integrates allbusiness processes and systems into one seamless and efficient framework. SAP's R/3 is the world's most-used standard business software for client/servercomputingSAP R/3 is scalable and highly suited for many types and sizes of organizations.The software is highly customizable. SAP’s development language is ABAP andcan be programmed across different platforms i.e. UNIX and Windows.SAP R/3 is arranged into distinct functional modules, covering the typicalfunctions in place in an organization. The most widely used modules areFinancials and Controlling (FICO), Human Resources (HR), Materials Management(MM), Sales & Distribution (SD), Production Planning (PP)
- This is when the system is configured to meet the needs of thebusiness by using existing data.
- This is when the system is customised or adapted to meet thebusiness requirements which is the process of mapping SAP into the clientsbusiness process.
- A functional FICO consultant evaluates the customerrequirements, works with business models to transform them into logical andtechnical views. The functional consultant then customises/configures therespective business area and makes sure the system works well in line with therequirements. Functional consultants also prepare proper guidelines that allowother consultants to do further changes.
(ABAPER, Programmer, developer)- SAP FICO Technicalconsultant may be an ABAPER, who has lack of knowledge of FICO configurationand functional knowledge and is better suited for technical jobs e.g. reportsdevelopment, testing, debugging, coding.
- 1st and 2nd line support, fielding calls and resolving issues andrequests.
ABAP/4 Programming Language
ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming) ABAP is a high levelprogramming language created specifically by SAP. Released in 1992. In 1999SAP released an object-orientated extension to ABAP called ABAP objects alongwith R/3 release 4.5, SAP’s most recent development platform, Net weaver,supports both ABAP and Java.
Main ABAP tools for an ABAPER:
Reports (Classical, Interactive and ALV Reports)Module pool programmingBDC's (session method, call transaction method)