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10th Sunday in Ordinary Time 2008 A

10th Sunday in Ordinary Time 2008 A

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Published by: SaintJoseph on Jun 07, 2008
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Sunday in Ordinary Time (A) 06-08-08Scripture ReadingsFirst
Hosea 6:3-6
Romans 4:18-25
Matthew 9:9-13Prepared by: Fr. Peter John Cameron, O.P.1.
Subject Matter
How God uses our affliction/resistance/sin to draw us to himself
Trusting in the promises/the effective Word of God
Following Christ2.
Exegetical Notes
“In their affliction, people will say: ‘Let us strive to know the Lord’” – “God does not wait untilman has ceased to be unjust in order to love him; he loves him already in his unjustness…. IfGod does not wait for us to be just in order to love us, it is because his love is, precisely, theonly force that can make us just…. The love of God reveals itself as the great, the uniquepower which is truly creative; the supreme creation of God is discovered to be this new heartwhich God wishes to place in man…. The purest souls of Israel…will be the first to realizethis life of humility in faith, of which the Gospel Beatitudes are only the final achievement.And this is a very special kind of humility, founded as it is on a feeling of the nothingness ofsinful man in which is mingled no bitterness, no despair. It is, in fact, the assurance that Godhas taken this same nothing into his merciful and all-powerful hands, to draw from it a newcreation which reveals him.” (Louis Bouyer)
“Abraham…did not weaken in faith…did not doubt God’s promise…. He…was fullyconvinced that what God had promised he was also able to do” – “Abraham is our father, andhis faith is the ‘type’ of Christian faith…. Though Abraham had so many human motives fordespairing of ever having a posterity, he believed, in virtue of the confident hope that thedivine promise inspired in him. He took God at his word and believed in the creative power ofGod to do what seemed impossible…. Abraham’s faith is the pattern for Christian faith,because its object is the same: belief in God who makes the dead live.” (Joseph Fitzmyer)
“Matthew got up and followed him” – “Jesus’ authoritative Word, which calms the storm(8:26) and pronounces forgiveness (9:2), also compels human response…. Jesus’ powerfulWord creates discipleship. The story should not be psychologized; nor should the reader
speculate about previous contact between Jesus and Matthew, on the basis of which he was‘ready’ to follow. The point is the Jesus’ call is effective. People do not volunteer to bedisciples.” (NIB)3.
References to the Catechism of the Catholic Church
CCC 2100: Outward sacrifice, to be genuine, must be the expression of spiritual sacrifice:"The sacrifice acceptable to God is a broken spirit. . . . " The prophets of the Old Covenantoften denounced sacrifices that were not from the heart or not coupled with love of neighbor.Jesus recalls the words of the prophet Hosea: "I desire mercy, and not sacrifice." The onlyperfect sacrifice is the one that Christ offered on the cross as a total offering to the Father'slove and for our salvation. By uniting ourselves with his sacrifice we can make our lives asacrifice to God.
CCC 27: The desire for God is written in the human heart, because man is created by Godand for God; and God never ceases to draw man to himself. Only in God will he find the truthand happiness he never stops searching for the dignity of man rests above all on the fact thathe is called to communion with God. This invitation to converse with God is addressed toman as soon as he comes into being. For if man exists it is because God has created himthrough love, and through love continues to hold him in existence. He cannot live fullyaccording to truth unless he freely acknowledges that love and entrusts himself to his creator.
CCC 1431: Interior repentance is a radical reorientation of our whole life, a return, aconversion to God with all our heart, an end of sin, a turning away from evil, with repugnancetoward the evil actions we have committed. At the same time it entails the desire andresolution to change one's life, with hope in God's mercy and trust in the help of his grace.This conversion of heart is accompanied by a salutary pain and sadness which the Fatherscalled
animi cruciatus 
(affliction of spirit) and
compunctio cordis 
(repentance of heart).
CCC 706:
Against all human hope, God promises descendants to Abraham, as the fruit offaith and of the power of the Holy Spirit. In Abraham's progeny all the nations of the earth willbe blessed. This progeny will be Christ himself, in whom the outpouring of the Holy Spirit will"gather into one the children of God who are scattered abroad."
CCC 52: God, who "dwells in unapproachable light", wants to communicate his own divinelife to the men he freely created, in order to adopt them as his sons in his only-begotten Son.By revealing himself God wishes to make them capable of responding to him, and of knowinghim and of loving him far beyond their own natural capacity.4.
Patristic Commentary and Other Authorities
St. John Chrysostom: “Why is it then that nothing is said of the rest of the Apostles how orwhen they were called, but only of Peter, Andrew, James, John, and Matthew? Becausethese were in the most alien and lowly stations, for nothing can he more disreputable thanthe office of Publican, nothing more abject than that of fisherman.”
St. Bede the Venerable: “Jesus made a just man of a publican, a disciple of a tax collector.As he progressively increased in grace, Jesus promoted him from the ordinary group ofdisciples to the rank of apostle, and not only committed to him the ministry of preaching, butalso that of writing a gospel, so that he who had ceased to he an administrator of terrestrial
business matters might start to be an administrator of heavenly currency. Doubtlessly thereason why heavenly providence arranged for this to happen was so that neither theenormity of one's wicked deeds nor their great number should dissuade anyone from hopingfor pardon.”
St. Ambrose: “How was the cure of the sick man Matthew effected? In three ways. First,Christ bound him in fetters; second, he applied a caustic to the wound; third, he did awaywith all the rottenness. Hence, Matthew, says: ‘I am bound with the nails of faith and the softshackles of love. Jesus, take away the rottenness of my sins while you keep me bound withthe fetters of love. Cut away any rot you find in me!’ So much for the first way. ‘I shall holdevery commandment of yours as an applied caustic, and if the caustic commandment burns,it will be burning away the corruption of the flesh lest the contagious poison spread; and if theremedy stings, it still removes the poison of the wound.’ So much for the second way. ‘Comequickly, Lord, cut into the various secret, hidden passions, open the wound quickly lest thenoxious fluid spread, cleanse all that is fetid with a pilgrim bath.’ So much for the third way.”
Bl. Jacobus de Voragine: “Granted, therefore, that Saul, David and Matthew were sinners,their repentance so pleased the Lord that he not only forgave their sins but heaped his giftsupon them in greater abundance. He made the cruelest persecutor the most faithfulpreacher, the adulterer and homicide a prophet and singer of Psalms, the covetous seeker ofprofit an apostle and evangelist. Therefore the sayings and writings of these three men arerecited to us so frequently so that no one who might wish to be converted would despair ofpardon, when he sees that such great sinners were also so great in grace.”
Andre Louf, O.S.C.O.: “‘Follow me’” a person can only permanently attach himself to Jesusout of love…. Regardless of who we are and what our spiritual experience is, we always lacksomething needed to follow Jesus closely. Or perhaps we always possess somethingsuperfluous which distances us from his intimate love…. When the time comes, however, hewill teach us to be detached with an enormous gentleness which only his grace can filter intoour heart.”
Pope John Paul II: “The human will—or rather the human heart—impels man to be ‘forothers,’ to have generous relationships with others. It is in this that the essential structure ofpersonal and human existence consists. Man exists not merely ‘in the world,’ not merely ‘inhimself;’ he exists ‘in relationship,’ ‘in self-giving.’ Only through disinterested giving of himselfcan man attain to full discovery of himself…. Without relationship and without self-giving, thewhole of human existence on earth loses its meaning.”
Luigi Giussani: “Matthew, the tax collector…was considered a public sinner because heserved the Roman economic power. Jesus simply said to him as he passed by: ‘Come!’ And,recognized, taken hold of, accepted, he left everything, and followed him.”
Luigi Giussani: “What must we do with our freedom? The same thing we have to do withfaith…. How does one learn to be educated in freedom, so that freedom truly becomes theforce in our life?... By follow: by following the companionship in which the Lord, who calls us,has placed us. Following, nothing is more intelligent than following…. Following who is beforeyou means asking: ‘How can you live this? How does one live this?” Understand that here,the principal accent is one desire…. It’s the desire to live that makes you ask: ‘How do youmanage to do it, how do you fulfill what you understand?’”

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