Composite Fabrication By FilamentWinding
A ‘composite ‘is a heterogeneous combination of two or more materialsdiffering in form or composition on macro scale. The combination results inmaterial that maximises specific performance properties. The constituents donot dissolve or merge completely and therefore exhibit an interface betweenone another. In this form both reinforcing agents and matrix retain their physical and chemical identities, while producing a combination of propertiesthat cannot be achieved with either of the constituents acting alone.Composites are classified based on type of matrix used –polymer, metallicand ceramic.The unique properties of composites are:
Composite materials are 30-40% lighter than aluminium structuresdesigned for the same functional requirements.
Pipes and cylinders made up of composites have lower weightcompared to the metallic ones and can be withstand high internalpressure.
Composites have excellent corrosion resistance.
Appropriate inhibitors and additives can impart good fire retardation.properties to composite.
Improved torsional stiffness and impact resistance properties.
Higher fatigue endurance limit.
Design flexibility- composites can be tailored to meet performanceneeds and complex design requirement.
Composites exhibit higher internal damping capacity.9.Composites have better dimensional stability.10.Improved appearance.
Composite applications have revolutionised all industries including,
1. Aerospace 4. Chemicals2. Pharmaceutical 5. Marine3. Electrical 6. Transportation