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Palestinian People

Palestinian People

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Published by Aamir Hussain

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Aamir Hussain on Jun 08, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Palestinian people
Palestinian family from Ramallah, c. 1905
Total population
c. 12,000,000
Regions with significant populations
Palestinian territories
 ± West Bank 2,345,000
 ± Gaza Strip
Jordan 1,900,000
Lebanon405,425Saudi Arabia250,245Egypt
70,245USA 67,842
Honduras 54,000
Kuwait 50,000Brazil50,000
Canada 23,975
Australia 15,000
Guatemala 1,400
Mexico 120,000
anguagesPalestinian territories
 Palestinian Arabic
 Palestinian Arabic and Modern Hebrew
 Other varieties of Arabic, English, Spanish, Portuguese,
and others
Sunni Islam, Christian, others
Related ethnic groups
Other Semitic and Mediterranean peoples
Palestinian people
, also referred to as
Palestinian Arabs
are an Arabic-speaking people with family origins in Palestine. The total Palestinian population is estimated atapproximately 12 million, roughly less than half continuing to live within the boundaries of whatwas Mandate Palestine, an area encompassing Israel, the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Jordan.
 In this combined area, as of 2009, they constitute 49% of all inhabitants,
some of whom areinternally displaced. The remainder, over half of all Palestinians, comprise what is known as thePalestinian diaspora, of whom more than half are stateless refugees, lacking citizenship in anycountry.
Of the diaspora, about 1.9 million live in neighboring Jordan,
one and a half million between Syria and Lebanon, a quarter million in Saudi Arabia, while Chile's half amillion are the largest concentration outside the Arab world.By religious affiliation, most Palestinians are Muslim, particularly of the Sunni branch of Islam,and there is a significant Palestinian Christian minority of various Christian denominations. Asthe commonly applied "Palestinian Arab" ethnonym implies, the current traditional vernacular of Palestinians, irrespective of religion, is the Palestinian dialect of Arabic. For those who are Arabcitizens of Israel, many are now also bilingual in Modern Hebrew. Recent genetic evidence hasdemonstrated that Palestinians as an ethnic group are closely related to Jews and representmodern "descendants of a core population that lived in the area since prehistoric times,"
 largely predating the Arabian Muslim conquest that resulted in their acculturation, establishedArabic as the predominant vernacular, and over time also Islamized many of them from various prior faiths.The first widespread use of "Palestinian" as an endonym to refer to the nationalist concept of aPalestinian people by the local Arabic-speaking population of Palestine began prior to theoutbreak of World War I,
and the first demand for national independence was issued by the
Syrian-Palestinian Congress on 21 September 1921.
After the creation of Israel, the exodus of 1948, and more so after the exodus of 1967, the term came to signify not only a place of origin, but the sense of a shared past and future in the form of a Palestinian nation-state.
ThePalestine Liberation Organization (PLO) represents the Palestinian people before theinternational community.
The Palestinian National Authority, officially established as a resultof the Oslo Accords, is an interim administrative body nominally responsible for governance inPalestinian population centres in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
1 Etymology2 History2.1 Palestinian nationalism2.2 Struggle for self-determination2.2.1 British Mandate 1917-19482.2.2 The "lost years" (1948 - 1967)2.2.3 1967 to the present3 Ancestral origins3.1 Politicized Lineages3.2 DNA and genetic studies3.3 Arabian origins of the local Bedouin Arabs4 Demographics4.1 Refugees4.2 Religion4.2.1 Background4.2.2 Today5 Language6 Culture6.1 Art6.2 Cuisine6.3 Film6.4 Handicrafts6.5 Intellectuals6.6 Literature6.7 Poetry7 Folklore7.1 Costumes7.2 Dance7.3 Folk tales7.4 Music8 See also9 Bibliography10 References11 External links
See also: Palestine

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