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Definitions of Palestine and Palestinian

Definitions of Palestine and Palestinian

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Published by Aamir Hussain

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Aamir Hussain on Jun 08, 2010
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Definitions of Palestine and Palestinian
Map of 
Canaan
- Philistines area marked out.The term
Palestine
and the related term
Palestinian
have several overlapping (and occasionallycontradictory) definitions.
Contents
1
Palestine
1
.
1
Origin of the term
1
.2 Palestine in history and geography
1
.3 Jordan and Palestine
1
.4 British Mandate of Palestine
1
.5 Palestine as a region
1
.6 Palestine as a state2 Palestinian2.
1
By place of birth2.2 Mandate definition2.3 By place of origin2.4 By citizenship2.5 By ethnic origin2.5.
1
Referring to the Arab subculture of the southern Levant2.5.2 Referring to Jews in an ethnic rather than religious sense3 See also4 References
 
 
Palestine
Origin of the term
See also:
Palestine ± Boundaries and nameThe term
 Palestine
is derived from Greek: /Latin:
 Palaestina
, which refers to the biblical Philistines, a people of Aegean origin who settled in the southern coastal plains of Canaan, in the
1
2th century BC, their territory being named Philistia.After crushing Bar Kochba's revolt in
1
32-
1
35, the Romans applied the name to the entire regionthat had formerly included Iudaea Province,
[
1]
in an attempt to suppress Jewish nationalfeelings.
[2
]
[3
]
The Arabic toponym
 Filasteen
(Arabic:  ) is also derived from the Latin name."The name Palestine, which the Romans had bestowed on the conquered and subjugated land of Judea, had been retained for a time by the Arab conquerors to designate an administrativesubdivision of their Syrian province." The name had disappeared from the region prior to thearrival of the Crusaders. The term was rediscovered in Europe at the time of the Renaissance andused to refer to what "European Christians ... previously called the Holy Land." "The name wasnot used officially, and had no precise territorial definition until it was adopted by the British todesignate the area which they acquired by conquest at the end of World War I and ruled under mandate from the League of Nations."
[4
]
 
Palestine in history and geography
Roman Province of Iudaea. Notice the coastal province of 
 Philistia
, which the Greeks called
 Palaistina
and the Romans
 Palaestina
.In historical contexts predating the British mandate of Palestine,
 Palestine
was mostly ageographical term, particularly used in the Roman Latin and Greek, and also other languagestaking their geographical vocabulary from them. The Romans united Iudaea with the Galilee toform the Roman sub-province of Syria Palaestina (encapsulating territories of ancient Canaan,Kingdom of Israel, Judah, Moab, Ammon, and Philistia
 
) and thus included much of the land on
 
 both sides of the Jordan River although with further political sub-divisions along the JordanRiver valley.See also: History of Palestine.Also in geographical contexts, "Palestine" is often used, as it is a distinctly unique natural unit.Rivers, vegetation and bird migration have ignored political boundaries, while contributing to thedevelopment of the natural character of the land.See also: Geography of the Palestinian territories and Geography of Israel
J
ordan and Palestine
See also: Middle Eastern theatre of World War I 
 Sykes-Picot Agreement, Partitioning of the Ottoman Empire among France and BritainPrior to the Allied Powers victory in World War I and the Partitioning of the Ottoman Empire,which created the British mandate in the Levant, most of the northern area of what is todayJordan formed part of the Ottoman Vilayet of Damascus (Syria
 
), while the southern part of Jordan was part of the Vilayet of Hejaz. What later became part of British Mandate Palestine wasin Ottoman times divided between the Vilayet of Beirut (Lebanon) and the Sanjak of Jerusalem.
[5
]
 The Jordan Rift Valley (comprising Wadi Arabah, the Dead Sea and River Jordan
 
) has at timesformed a political and administrative frontier, even within empires that have controlled bothterritories. At other times, such as during the rule of the Kingdom of Israel and the Hasmoneanstate for example, territories on both sides of the river formed part of the same administrativeunit.
[
citation needed 
]
Alternatively, during the Arab Caliphate period, parts of southern Lebanon andthe northern highland areas of Palestine and Jordan were administered as
 Al Jund al Urdun
,while the southern parts of the latter two formed part of 
 Jund Dimashq
, which after the ninthcentury was attached to the administrative unit of 
 Jund Filasteen
(Arabic:   ).
[6
]
 In
19
20, most of modern-day Jordan was at first incorporated into the planned League of Nationsmandate territory of Palestine. However, the Transjordan was made into a separate political uniton April
11
,
19
2
1
, and its separate Mandate came into force in September 
19
23 as the Emirate of Transjordan. Nineteenth century sources refer to Palestine as extending from the sea to the caravan route, presumably the Hejaz-Damascus route east of the Jordan River valley. Others refer to it asextending from the sea to the desert.
B
ritish Mandate of Palestine

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