Origin of the term
Palestine ± Boundaries and nameThe term
is derived from Greek: /Latin:
, which refers to the biblical Philistines, a people of Aegean origin who settled in the southern coastal plains of Canaan, in the
2th century BC, their territory being named Philistia.After crushing Bar Kochba's revolt in
35, the Romans applied the name to the entire regionthat had formerly included Iudaea Province,
in an attempt to suppress Jewish nationalfeelings.
The Arabic toponym
(Arabic: ) is also derived from the Latin name."The name Palestine, which the Romans had bestowed on the conquered and subjugated land of Judea, had been retained for a time by the Arab conquerors to designate an administrativesubdivision of their Syrian province." The name had disappeared from the region prior to thearrival of the Crusaders. The term was rediscovered in Europe at the time of the Renaissance andused to refer to what "European Christians ... previously called the Holy Land." "The name wasnot used officially, and had no precise territorial definition until it was adopted by the British todesignate the area which they acquired by conquest at the end of World War I and ruled under mandate from the League of Nations."
Palestine in history and geography
Roman Province of Iudaea. Notice the coastal province of
, which the Greeks called
and the Romans
.In historical contexts predating the British mandate of Palestine,
was mostly ageographical term, particularly used in the Roman Latin and Greek, and also other languagestaking their geographical vocabulary from them. The Romans united Iudaea with the Galilee toform the Roman sub-province of Syria Palaestina (encapsulating territories of ancient Canaan,Kingdom of Israel, Judah, Moab, Ammon, and Philistia