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Mold Experiment

Mold Experiment

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Dianecute M. Bacalla on Jun 08, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/02/2012

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I. PROBLEM
Introduction
Food is any substance, usually composed of carbohydrates,fats, proteinsandwater, that can beeatenordrunkby an animal, including humans, fornutritionor pleasure. Items considered food may besourced fromplants,animalsor other categories such asfungusor fermented products likealcohol. Although many human culturessought food items throughhunting and gathering, today most culturesusefarming,ranching, andfishing, withhunting,foragingand other methods of a local nature included but playing a minor role.Molds are microscopic fungi that live on plant or animal matter.No one knows how many species of fungi exist, but estimates rangefrom tens of thousands to perhaps 300,000 or more. Most arefilamentous (threadlike) organisms and the production of spores ischaracteristic of fungi in general. These spores can be transported byair, water, or insects.Molds have branches and roots that are like very thin threads. The roots may be difficult to see when the mold is growing on food andmay be very deep in the food. Foods that are moldy may also haveinvisible bacteria growing along with the mold.Molds are dangerous because it causes allergic reactions andrespiratory problems. And a few molds, in the right conditions, produce“mycotoxins,” poisonous substances that can make you sick.
Background of the Problem
While most molds prefer warmer temperatures, they can grow atrefrigerator temperatures, too. Molds also tolerate salt and sugarbetter than most other food invaders. Therefore, molds can grow inrefrigerated jams and jelly and on cured, salty meats -- ham, bacon,salami, and bologna.Mostly all foods need to be refrigerated in order to stay in eatingcondition. Some foods don’t need to be but most especially dairyproducts do. The only problem is what food molds faster and how dothey go bad?
 
Statement of the Problem Situation
Molds grow on different foods at different rates. There are alsodifferent kinds of molds that certain pieces of food are prone to.Unfortunately, most molds grow very well at the sametemperatures that humans prefer. In addition, anyone who has cleanedout their refrigerator quickly realizes that temperatures close tofreezing are not cold enough to prevent mold growth and temperaturesthat are much warmer than humans prefer, like those of the tropics,will grow abundant quantities of mold. Therefore, it is not feasible tocontrol mold growth in our home environment through the control of temperature.
Purpose of the Study
 To determine the type of food molds the fastest.
Questions to be answered
Which type of food molds the fastest in the same place; banana,milk, tasty bread, or cheese?
Importance of the Study
It is said that molds are dangerous and poisonous, it is importantthat we would find out the characteristics of the molds. We woulddetermine the food that is faster to grow molds. Because food is whatwe eat, and we get nutrients from them. After this study, we wouldknow how to minimize or prevent the growth of molds in our foods.
II. REVIEW OF RELATEDLITERATURE
History Background
 The very first mention of mold and mold cleanup is in the Bible:Leviticus, Ch. 13, verses 1-46 (isolation or purification of people withskin diseases); verses 47-59 (mildewed clothing must be burned); and
 
Ch. 14, verses 33-48 (mildew "with greenish or reddish depressions" onthe inside wall of a house). The rabbi did inspections and acted as thepublic health officer. The mildewed walls were to be remedied, according to Chapter14, by tearing out the contaminated stones and throwing them into "anunclean place outside the town," then scraping the remaining insidewalls and throwing the scrapings in an unclean place. The old stonesare replaced with new, the house is replastered and then monitored tosee whether the trouble recurs. (In previous translations, the rathervague word used for any skin disease was translated as "leprosy." Thistranslation uses "mildew," but the word should not be taken tooliterally.)In 430 B.C., Molds were used by the Spartans in their war againstAthens. Between 1591 and 1889, there were 65 mold epidemicsworldwide. In 1920's, Fatal kidney diseases caused by mold inDenmark and the Balkans. In 1930's, Stachybotrycosis: 30% of horsesin Russia from eating moldy hay. In 1944, Alimentary Toxic Aleukiaepidemic in Russia from eating moldy bread; 10% of the populationwas affected and it was often fatal. And 1952, Aflatoxicosis: killedpoultry that ate moldy corn (Aspergillus).
Studies Related that has been Found
Dr. Campbell has published a number of studies in medical journals and textbooks about the effects of molds, fungus andindoor contaminants. 
Alexander Fleming discovered that a common type of mold fungikills germs. From this, he made a medicine called penicillin whichhas saved millions of lives over the last 80 years. Many other life-saving drugs are made from chemicals obtained from mold.

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