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Introduction to vDesk

Introduction to vDesk

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Published by Brian W
This paper will discuss the barriers of desktop virtualization adoption in the enterprise, the need for convergence in desktop virtualization approaches and the unique requirements across different types of enterprise users.

This paper will discuss the barriers of desktop virtualization adoption in the enterprise, the need for convergence in desktop virtualization approaches and the unique requirements across different types of enterprise users.

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: Brian W on Jun 08, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Contents of This White Paper
Introduction to vDesk
Today’s enterprises are under pressure to lower 
costs, increase productivity, and acceleratebusiness initiatives. IT organizations havealready driven down costs, increased efficiency,and been able to stay ahead of growingbusiness demands by applying virtualizationtechnology to servers in the datacenter. Desktopvirtualization has the potential to have an evengreater impact on business computing. Thistechnology could reduce the source of thelargest IT support and provisioning costs, andmake businesses far more agile. However,enterprise attempts to apply traditional server-centric virtualization technology to desktopcomputing for the majority of their users havenot succeeded because provisioning, storing,licensing and managing virtual machines is toocomplex and costly. In addition, users arereluctant to accept virtualization when it meansthat their applications perform more slowlyand/or they can no longer take their desktopenvironment offline.
In this paper, we’ll discuss the barriers of 
desktop virtualization adoption in the enterprise,the need for convergence in desktopvirtualization approaches and the uniquerequirements across different types of enterpriseusers.
Finally, we’ll review the RingCube vDesksolution, including how it works and how it’s
Workspace Virtualization Engine (WVE)overcomes the barriers posed by legacyvirtualization technologies.For a more technical look at desktopvirtualization technologies, please refer toIntroduction to Virtual Desktop Architectureswhite paper.
Barriers to Desktop Virtualization Adoption
Virtualization, which has saved enterprises millions in the data center, is now moving tothe desktop. Desktop virtualization promises to cut desktop management costs, increaseuser productivity and fundamentally change desktop computing. However, existingdesktop virtualization approaches have had limited success in delivering a viablealternative to traditional PCs both in terms of cost savings and user experience. Toachieve broad adoption, desktop virtualization must dramatically reduce desktopmanagement costs while p
reserving the user’s familiar desktop experience.
The Barriers to Local Virtual Machine Adoption 
A virtual machine is a software implementation of a computer that enables the sharing ofthe underlying physical machine resources between different virtual machines, eachrunning their own operating system. While local virtual machines have been widelyadopted for development and testing applications, their adoption for general desktopcomputing has been limited due to resource requirements. When PCs run local virtualmachines with a second operating system (type II hypervisor), the PC requires largeamounts of CPU and memory resources to run properly. The result is poor applicationperformance, the requirement to purchase and manage a second operating systemlicense and a monolithic virtual machine that is hard to provision and tied to a single PC.
Key Barriers to Adoption:
Application performance2
operating systemAdditional CPU and memoryCentral management and delivery
The Barriers to Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) Adoption 
Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) is a solution for server-based virtual desktopcomputing that improves control and manageability while providing end users with afamiliar desktop experience. A total cost of ownership (TCO) comparison by Gartnershows that switching from traditional PCs to VDI requires millions in upfront capitalexpenditures and only saves between 2% and 10% in the long run
. For users, a switch
Mark A. Margevicius, Michael A. Silver, Federica Troni, August 4
, 2008,Total Cost of Ownership Comparison of PCs With Hosted Virtual Desktops,Gartner, Inc.
3to VDI means that they cannot install their own applications or work offline as they couldwith their traditional laptops without incurring significantly higher costs and infrastructurebuild-out. Even the latest generation of VDI solutions that piece together hosted virtualdesktops, application streaming/virtualization and roaming user profiles force enterprisesto choose between an acceptable user experience or lower costs.
Key Barriers to Adoption:
Server, storage, and infrastructure costsOffline mobilityUser personalizationApplication provisioning and patching
The Need for Convergence in Desktop Virtualization
Desktop and application virtualization technologies have made incremental progress bydeveloping specific approaches to solve individual desktop computing challenges. Localvirtual machines have been successful in development and testing because they providecomplete operating system isolation. Server-based computing and VDI have enabledenterprises to centralize desktop computing in the data center for task workers andoutsourcers to increase security and availability. Application virtualization and streaminghave enabled enterprises to distribute applications without installation and run multipleversions of the same application at the same time. However, no single approach todesktop virtualization has delivered a compelling solution to replace traditional PCsbecause each has significant barriers to widespread adoption. What is needed is adesktop virtualization solution that provides complete convergence and delivers thefamiliar experience of a Windows desktop using the right desktop virtualizationtechnology for the right user scenario.
Desktop Virtualization User Requirements 
Enterprises are made up of different types of workers that have unique desktopcomputing requirements. While the percentage breakdown for each type of worker variesby industry and company, most large enterprises have some population within eachcategory (see Figure 1). Traditional PCs have evolved over the past two decades to meetthe requirements of each type of user. To replace traditional PCs, desktop virtualizationmust provide a single desktop virtualization platform that can meet the needs of taskworkers, campus workers, mobile workers, remote workers and address unmanaged PCsused by employees, contractors and consultants.

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