Absorbent 2 acidityAbsorbent
A vertical, cylindricalvessel that recovers heavierhydorcarbons from a mixture ofpredominantly lighter hydrocarbons.Also called absorption tower.
A vesselin which gas is dehydrated by beingbubbled through glycol. See
the maximumvolume of natural gas that can beprocessed through an absorber at aspecified absorption oil rate, temperature,and pressure without exceeding pressuredrop or any oilier operating limitation.
1. the process of suckingup, taking in and making part of anexisting whole. Compare
2.the process in which short waveradiation is retained by regions of theearth.
a devicethat measures mechanical force. Theenergy measured is absorbed byfrictional or electrical resistance.
the gasolineextracted from natural gas by puttingthe gas into contact with oil in a vesseland subsequently distilling the gasolinefrom the heavier oil.
a hydrocarbon liquidused to absorb and recover componentsfrom natural gas being processed. Alsocalled wash oil.
a plant thatprocesses natural gas with absorptionoil.
amechanical refrigeration system in whichthe refrigerant is absorbed by a suitableliquid or solid. The most CODlD1onlyused refrigerant is ammonia; the mostcommonly used absorbing medium iswater. Compare
compression- refrigeration cycle.
abstract-based title opinion
a titleopinion based on a complete abstract oftitle and other relevant documents.Compare
stand- up title opinion.
a privatecompany in the business of preparingabstracts of titleand performing related services. Alsocalled abstract plant.
abstract of title
a collection of all ofthe recorded instruments affecting title toa tract of land. Compare
of or relating to the bottomwaters of the ocean.
accelerated aging test
a procedurewhereby a product may be subjected tointensified but controlled conditions ofheat, pressure, radiation, or othervariables to produce, in a short time,the effects of long- time storage or useunder normal conditions.
when a crane is hoisting aload, the additional force the loadimposes on a wire rope or a sling whenthe load's speed increases.
a chemical additive thatreduces the setting time of cement. See
cement, cementing materials.
an instrument thatdetects changes in motion or measuresacceleration. accessory equipment
any device that enhances the utility of ameasurement system, includingreadouts, registers, monitors, andliquid- or flow-conditioning equipment.accrete
to enlarge by the addition ofexternal parts or particles.
to amass or collect.Whenoil and gas migrate into porousformations, the quantity collected iscalled an accumulation.
1. a vessel or tank thatreceives and temporarily stores a liquidused in a continuous process in a gasplant. See
2. on adrilling rig, the storage device fornitrogen-pressurised hydraulic fluid,which is used in operating the blow outpreventers. See
blowout preventer control unit.
a bottle-shapedsteel cylinder located in a blowoutpreventer control unit to store nitrogenand hydraulic fluid under pressure(usually at 3,(XK)pounds per squareinch). The fluid is used to actuate theblowout preventer stack.
the ability of a measuringinstrument to indicate values closelyapproximating the true value of thequantity measured.
accuracy curve of a volume meter
a plot of meter factor as a function offlow rate used to evaluate the meter'sperformance. See
flow rate, meter factor:
an organic acidcompound sometimes used to acidiseoil wells. It is not as corrosive as otheracids used in well treatments. Itschemical formula is C2~O2' orCH3COOH.
a method of joining steel components in whichacetylene gas and oxygen are mixed ina torch to attain the high temperaturesnecessary for welding. As an early typeof welding (it was also calledoxyacetylene welding), its primarydisadvantage was the seepage ofmolten weld material onto the interiorsurface of the pipe, often leading tocorrosion problems.
American Conference ofGovernmental and Industrial Hygienists.
any chemical compound. oneelement of which is hydrogen, thatdissociates in solution to produce freehydrogen ions. For example,hydrochloric acid. HCI, dissociates inwater to produce hydrogen ions, H+,and chloride ions, CI-. This reaction isexpressed chemically as HCI + H+ + CI-. See
a naturally occurring claythat,after activation, usually with acid, isused mainly as a decolourant or refiningagent, and sometimes as adesulphuriser, coagulant, or catalyst.
to part or openfractures in productive hard limestoneformations by using a combination of oiland acid or water and acid under highpressure. See
a gas that forms an acidwhen mixed with water. In petroleumproduction and processing, the mostcommon acid gases are hydrogensulphide and carbon dioxide. Bothcause corrosion, and hydrogen sulphideis very poisonous.
: the quality of being acid.Relative acid strength of a liquid ismeasured by pH. A liquid with a pHbelow 7 is acid. See