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Physics ch10

# Physics ch10

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04/30/2013

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1. (a) The second hand of the smoothly running watch turns through 2
π
60 s
π  ω
= =
(b) The minute hand of the smoothly running watch turns through 2
π
ω
= = ×
2360017510
3
π
. rad/s.(c) The hour hand of the smoothly running 12-hour watch turns through 2
π
ω
= = ×
24320014510
4
π

2. The problem asks us to assume
v
com
and
ω
are constant. For consistency of units, wewrite
v
com
mihftmi60minhftmin
=
G
=
8552807480
bg
.Thus, with
x
=
60ft
, the time of flight is
t x v
= = =
com
607480000802.min
. Duringthat time, the angular displacement of a point on the ball’s surface is
θ ω
= =
180000080214revminrev.
b gb g
.min

3. We have
ω

= 10
π
α

= 0, Eq. 10-13 gives
θ

=
ω
= (10
π
n
), for
n
= 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, ….For
= 0.20 s, we always get an integer multiple of 2
π
(and 2
π

f
1
θ

= 2
π
rad the dot appears at the “12:00” (straight up) position.(b) At
f
2
,
θ

= 4
π
rad and the dot appears at the “12:00” position.
= 0.050 s, and we explicitly include the 1/2
π
conversion (to revolutions) in thiscalculation:
θ

=
ω
= (10
π
n
(0.050 s)
    
12
π
= ¼ , ½ , ¾ , 1, … (revs)(c) At
f
1
(n=1)
,
θ

= 1/4 rev and the dot appears at the “3:00” position.(d) At
f
2
(n=2)
,
θ

= 1/2 rev and the dot appears at the “6:00” position.(e) At
f
3
(n=3)
,
θ

= 3/4 rev and the dot appears at the “9:00” position.(f) At
f
4
(n=4)
,
θ

= 1 rev and the dot appears at the “12:00” position.Now
= 0.040 s, and we have
θ

=
ω
= (10
π
n
(0.040 s)
    
12
π
= 0.2 , 0.4 , 0.6 , 0.8, 1, (revs)Note that 20% of 12 hours is 2.4 h = 2 h and 24 min.(g) At
f
1
(n=1)
,
θ

= 0.2 rev and the dot appears at the “2:24” position.(h) At
f
2
(n=2)
,
θ

= 0.4 rev and the dot appears at the “4:48” position.(i) At
f
3
(n=3)
,
θ

= 0.6 rev and the dot appears at the “7:12” position.(j) At
f
4
(n=4)
,
θ

= 0.8 rev and the dot appears at the “9:36” position.(k) At
f
5
(n=5)
,
θ

= 1.0 rev and the dot appears at the “12:00” position.

## Activity (28)

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